FormRelated


index

affix

affix; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1234

Identifier: affix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Letter or group of letters which are added to a word to make a new word.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1234 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


affix rank

affix rank; standardized name
affix rank; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2184

Identifier: affixRank   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of an affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2184 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


allomorph

allomorph; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1237

Identifier: allomorph   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: One of two or more complementary morphs which manifest a morpheme in its different phonological or morphological environments.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAllomorph.htm
Note: "s" in "cots" and "digs" has the allomorphs represented phonetically by {-s} and {-z} respectively.

Example: [-s] as in [hQts] 'hats'
Source: www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allative_case

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1237 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


apocope

apocope; standardized name
apocopate; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2254

Identifier: apocope   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning the deletion of the final element in a word
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


component rank

component rank; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2185

Identifier: componentRank   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of a component
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2185 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


conjugated

conjugated; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2207

Identifier: conjugated   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property of a verbal form when inflected
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2207 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


contextual variation

contextual variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1977

Identifier: contextualVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Variation on a particular usage or immediate proximity of words.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1977 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


etymological root

etymological root; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1987

Identifier: etymologicalRoot   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Morpheme that has a particular status with regards to the word's etymology.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: For instance, in Arabic language, the root has a particular status.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1987 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


expansion variation

expansion variation; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1850

Identifier: expansionVariation   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of the kind of variation between full and abbreviated forms.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1850 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


ezafe

ezafe; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2999

Identifier: ezafe   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: enclitic morpheme used to form noun phrases and that can denote possession, can form apposition or can join adjectives to nouns.
Source: Karlheinz Mörth

Example: In New Persian, "ketāb-e man" means "my book".
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2999 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


geographical variant

geographical variant; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1851

Identifier: geographicalVariant   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Description of a specific form used in a certain region as opposed to another form used in another region
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1851 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


graphical separator

graphical separator; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1863

Identifier: graphicalSeparator   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string that appears between two written forms
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1863 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


homograph

homograph; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1300

Identifier: homograph   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that is written like another, but that has a different pronunciation, meaning, and/or origin.
Source: adapted from ISO12620

Example: bow, the front part of a ship || bow, to bend || bow, a decorative knot
Source: www.atilf.fr AVOIR

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1300 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


homonym

homonym; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1301

Identifier: homonym   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that sounds the same and is written the same as another word but is different in meaning.
Source:

Example: two and too
Source: www.atilf.fr HOMOGRAPHE COYAUD, Introd. ét. lang. docum., 1966, p. 45

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1301 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


homophone

homophone; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1302

Identifier: homophone   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that sounds like another word, but is different in writiing or meaning.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1302 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


infix

infix; standardized name
infix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1313

Identifier: infix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix inserted in the middle of a word to change its meaning or part of speech value.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright

Example: In German, the past participle marker "ge" becomes an infix when used with a separable verb: "durchlesen" becomes "durchgelesen".
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1313 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


lemma

lemma; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1324

Identifier: lemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Base form a word or term that is used as the formal entry in a dictionary.
Source: ISO12620A-020803 Sue Ellen Wright + Francopoulo
Note: The lemma is the written form of the lemmatised Form. Note : For nouns, the base form is frequently the nominative singular form (in languages that show variation by case). For adjectives it is the positive form of the adjective, as opposed to the comparative, for instance. In some languages it is uninflected, whereas in others it is the masculine singular. For verbs it is generally the infinitive rather than an inflected form.

Example: A pronoun. For example, the lemma go consists of go together with goes, going, went, and gone.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsLativeCase.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1324 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


lexical type

lexical type; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2175

Identifier: lexicalType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Type of an entry in a lexicon
Source:
Note: For instance, a word form in a lexicon may be sub-typed into inflection or composition

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2175 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


morpheme

morpheme; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1330

Identifier: morpheme   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAMorpheme.htm

Example: unladylike
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1330 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


native

native; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1871

Identifier: native   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of transformation
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1871 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


non spaced pinyin

non spaced pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1853

Identifier: nonSpacedPinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pinyin without any space characters
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. BEIYASHI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1853 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


orthography name

orthography name; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2176

Identifier: orthographyName   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Precision concerning the orthography
Source:
Note: For instance, an orthography name can be "arabic unpointed" or "arabic pointed"

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2176 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


passive form

passive form; standardized name
passive form; Source: ; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3839

Identifier: passiveForm   Type: simple   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: passive form
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3839 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


pattern type

pattern type; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2178

Identifier: patternType   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Sub-type of a pattern class
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2178 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phonetic form

phonetic form; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1837

Identifier: phoneticForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the spoken string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1837 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


phonetic separator

phonetic separator; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1864

Identifier: phoneticSeparator   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Spoken form to be inserted between two spoken forms
Source: Gil Francopoulo

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1864 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


pinyin

pinyin; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1852

Identifier: pinyin   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Transcription of Chinese ideograms
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1852 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


prefix

prefix; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1365

Identifier: prefix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added before a word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually, in English, adding a prefix does not change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a suffix.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1365 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


reduplication

reduplication; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2346

Identifier: reduplication   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: process to modify the sense of a word by some operations to repeat the sound of a word.
Source:
Note: Reduplication may be found in many Asian languages such as Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Maly, or Bangla. The operation works on each syllable (or character) of the word.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


root

root; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2231

Identifier: root   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: base of a word
Source: MIRACL & LSCA
Note: For Semitic languages, the root comprises 3, 4 or 5 consonants.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2231 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


script

script; preferred name
script; Source: ISO 15924; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1855

Identifier: script   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 15924   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Set of graphic characters used for the written form of one or more languages.
Source: ISO-IEC 10646-1, 4.14
Note: MAF

Note: A collection of letters and other written signs used to represent textual information in one or more writing systems. [UNICODE definition; review for harmonization]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1855 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


spaced pinyin and tone

spaced pinyin and tone; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1854

Identifier: spacedPinyinAndTone   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pinyin with space and tone
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. BEI4 YA1 SHI4

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1854 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


stem

stem; standardized name
base; admitted name
root; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1389

Identifier: stem   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Root of a word, together with any derivational affixes, to which inflectional affixes are added.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

Example: The verbs tie and untie are both stems
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAStem.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1389 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


stem rank

stem rank; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2186

Identifier: stemRank   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Rank of a stem
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2186 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


suffix

suffix; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1395

Identifier: suffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added at the end of the word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually in English, adding a suffix change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a prefix.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1395 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


symbol

symbol; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1398

Identifier: symbol   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A non-splittable sequence of letters, numbers or signs that represents a particular meaning.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: e.g. Fe is the chemical symbol for iron.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1398 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: French

Data type: string


token

token; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1403

Identifier: token   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string surrounded by separators.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: A token is not a word.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1403 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


written form

written form; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1836

Identifier: writtenForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the written string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1836 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1affixcomplex/open
2affix rankcomplex/open
3allomorphcomplex/open
4apocopecomplex/open
5component rankcomplex/open
6conjugatedcomplex/open
7contextual variationcomplex/open
8etymological rootcomplex/open
9expansion variationcomplex/open
10ezafesimple
11geographical variantcomplex/open
12graphical separatorcomplex/open
13homographcomplex/open
14homonymcomplex/open
15homophonecomplex/open
16infixcomplex/open
17lemmacomplex/open
18lexical typecomplex/open
19morphemecomplex/open
20nativecomplex/open
21non spaced pinyincomplex/open
22orthography namecomplex/open
23passive formsimple
24pattern typecomplex/open
25phonetic formcomplex/open
26phonetic separatorcomplex/open
27pinyincomplex/open
28prefixcomplex/open
29reduplicationcomplex/open
30rootcomplex/open
31scriptcomplex/open
32spaced pinyin and tonecomplex/open
33stemcomplex/open
34stem rankcomplex/open
35suffixcomplex/open
36symbolcomplex/open
37tokencomplex/open
38written formcomplex/open