TBX-Default_DCS


index

abbreviated form for

abbreviated form for; preferred name
abbreviated form for; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-64

Identifier: abbreviatedFormFor   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A linking element used to identify a relation between any abbreviated form of a word or term and its full or expanded form.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The identification of a relation between an abbreviated form and its full form enables a database designer to indicate in a machine-readable way which of several possible synonyms appearing in a lex-term entry comprises the base form on which the abbreviation is created and vice versa. Ordinarily, both forms will appear in the same language section, although this is not necessarily mandatory. In many special languages, for instance in the terminology associated with the World Wide Web, English abbreviations are commonly used in other languages, but the English full form is avoided in favor of a translated or other equivalent full form in the language in question. Hence it could occur that an abbreviation cited in a language B is accompanied by a link pointing to the English language full form.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-64 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


administrative status

administrative status; preferred name
usage status; admitted name
term status; admitted name
status; admitted name
administrative status; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
usage status; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name
term status; Source: Common usage; data element name
status; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-70

Identifier: administrativeStatus   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The status of a term with respect to its assignment to an administrative level within a certain working environment.
Source: ISO12620:1999
Note: Indicator for controlled authoring and controlled translation purposes that indicates the acceptability level for a term.

Explanation: The actual status of terms themselves with respect to standardization is treated under /normative authorization/ in DC specification http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-374. This category should be accompanied by or linked to a reference to the administrative organization in question. Examples of administrative status can include references to individuals, working groups, committees, or the like who have recommended or are currently conducting work on a term.
Source: ISO 12620:1999

Explanation: Although "administrativeStatus" is used as the identifier for internal representation, "usage status" is the interface form used in TBX-Basic. Many applications use simply "status" or "term status" at the interface level.
Source: SEW

Explanation: TBX-Basic uses /obsolete/ as a member of the value domain for /usage status/ instead of /superseded term/. This is potentially confusing because /obsolete/ is part of the value domain for /temporal qualifier/ in TBX-Default. For purposes of consistency, "obsolete" will be treated as an alternate data category name for /superseded term/.
Source: SEW

Note: TBX Basic Defintion: Indicator for controlled authoring and controlled translation purposes that indicates the acceptability level for a term.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-70 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


admitted

admitted; preferred name
admitted term admin-sts; admitted name
admitted term; admitted name
admitted term admin-sts; Source: ISO30042; data element name
admitted; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name
admitted term; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-73

Identifier: admittedTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ISO30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as a synonym for a preferred term.
Source: ISO12620

Note: Usage status value that indicates that the term is acceptable for use. [TBX-Basic definition]

Note: Usage status value that indicates that the term is acceptable for use. [SEW suggestion for harmonization; The proposal avoids the use of either of the competing data category names.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-73 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


legal term admin-sts

legal term admin-sts; preferred name
legal term admin-sts; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-76

Identifier: legalTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is legally defined and used in legally binding documents.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Force majeure, designating the title of a standard clause found in contracts exempting the parties for nonfulfillment of their obligations by reasons of occurrences beyond their control, such as earthquakes, floods, or war.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-76 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


not recommended

not recommended; preferred name
deprecated term admin-sts; admitted name
rejected term; admitted name
deprecated term; admitted name
deprecated term admin-sts; Source: ISO 30042; data element name
not recommended; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name
rejected term; Source: common usage; data element name
deprecated term; Source: ISO 12620:1999, common; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-74

Identifier: deprecatedTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as undesired.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The preferred name reflects usage in the TBX interchange format, whereas the admitted forms are more likely to appear in user interfaces.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.4.17.

Note: Usage status value that indicates that the term should not be used. [TBX-Basic definition]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-74 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


obsolete

obsolete; preferred name
superseded term admin-sts; admitted name
superseded term; admitted name
superseded term admin-sts; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
superseded term; Source: common usage; data element name
obsolete; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-75

Identifier: supersededTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is no longer preferred or admitted.
Source: ISO12620

Example: In plastics terminology, the generic term reformulated plastic has been superseded by the more precise terms recycled plastic, reprocessed plastic, and reworked plastic.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: TBX-Basic co-opts /obsolete/ from /temporal qualifier/ to use with /administrative status/. Although the notion of "obsolete term" is more familiar than "superseded term", linguists made a definite distinction between the two concepts, whereby "obsolete" refers to a term or name that has fallen out of common usage over time, whereas "superseded" refers to a formerly official term or name that has purposefully been replaced with a new designator. In many cases, superseded terms/names are not necessarily obsolete at all, and obsolete terms/names do not necessarily have a form that supersedes them.
Source: SEW

Note: [Proposed harmonization] Status value that indicates that a term is no longer preferred or admitted.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-75 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


preferred

preferred; preferred name
preferred term admin-sts; admitted name
preferred term; admitted name
preferred term admin-sts; Source: ISO 30042; data element name
preferred; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name
preferred term; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-72

Identifier: preferredTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as the primary term for a given concept.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.4.15.
Source:

Note: Usage status value that indicates that the term is the most recommended for use among a set of synonymous terms. [TBX-Basic definition]

Note: [Proposed harmonization] A status value that indicates that the term is the most recommended for use among a set of synonymous terms. [Suggested harmonization]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-72 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


regulated term admin-sts

regulated term admin-sts; preferred name
regulated term admin-sts; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-77

Identifier: regulatedTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term defined by law or government regulation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Post-consumer recycled product is strictly defined in national and international environmental and consumer-protection legislation.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-77 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


standardized term admin-sts

standardized term admin-sts; preferred name
standard term; admitted name
standardized term admin-sts; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-71

Identifier: standardizedTermAdmnSts   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that has been standardized by a standardizing body.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: Most standardized terms are also preferred terms, but admitted terms can also be included in this category.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-71 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


animacy

animacy; standardized name
animacy; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-78

Identifier: animacy   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The characteristic of a word indicating that in a given discourse community, its referent is considered to be alive or to possess a quality of volition or consciousness.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-78 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


animate

animate; preferred name
animate; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-79

Identifier: animate   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Perceived as alive.
Source: ISO12620

Example: boy (he), as opposed to tree (it)
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-79 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


inanimate

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-80

Identifier: inanimate   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Perceived as not living.
Source: ISO12620

Example: chair (it)
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-80 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


antonym concept

antonym concept; preferred name
antonym concept; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-82

Identifier: antonymConcept   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept which constitutes the opposite of the concept represented by a second term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: GO X NOGO (gauges); in tolerance X out of tolerance
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: Although few terminology databases would document finer distinctions, antonyms can be further categorized as: complements--terms whose concept constitutes the reciprocal value of the concept represented by a second term, whereby the sum of the complementary concepts constitute a kind of whole; example: yin/yang; drag coefficient/free-running characteristic contrasts--terms whose concept exhibits marked difference from or opposition to the concept represented by a second term; example: red : green; black : white Links to antonyms can focus on either the concept level (term entry level) or on the term that represents the antonym concept (term section level).
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-82 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


antonym term

antonym term; preferred name
antonym term; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-83

Identifier: antonymTerm   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term or lexeme whose concept or sense constitutes the opposite of the concept represented by a second term or lexeme.
Source: ISO12620

Example: GO X NOGO (gauges); in tolerance X out of tolerance
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Although few databases would document finer distinctions, antonyms can be further categorized as: complements--terms whose concept constitutes the reciprocal value of the concept represented by a second term, whereby the sum of the complementary concepts constitute a kind of whole; example: yin/yang; drag coefficient/free-running characteristic contrasts--terms or words whose concept exhibits marked difference from or opposition to the concept represented by a second term; example: red : green; black : white Links to antonyms can focus on either the concept level (term entry or sense level) or on the term that represents the antonym concept (term section level).
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-83 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


application subset

application subset; preferred name
application subset; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-84

Identifier: applicationSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a terminology entry associated with a specific application.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO 12620

Explanation: Originally intended for the identification of terms used in computer applications, this data category can potentially be used to identify terms used in other types of applications as well.
Source: ISO 12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-84 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


audio

audio; preferred name
audio; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-90

Identifier: audio   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Sound, spoken words, music, or other audible representation used to illustrate or explain terms or concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: A recording of the pronunciation of a term coordinated with a term entry in a multimedia environment.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-90 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


broader concept generic

broader concept generic; preferred name
broader concept generic; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-94

Identifier: broaderConceptGeneric   Type: complex/open   Origin: broader concept generic   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept two or more levels of abstraction higher than subject concept in a generic hierarchical concept system.
Source: ISO12620/30042

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-94 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


broader concept partitive

broader concept partitive; preferred name
broader concept partitive ; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-95

Identifier: broaderConceptPartitive   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept two or more levels of abstraction higher than subject concept in a part-whole or meronymic hierarchical concept system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: A floor board is part of a house (broader concept), but it can be more narrowly defined as being part of the floor (superodinate concept), which in turn is part of the house.
Source: ISO 16642

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-95 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


business unit subset

business unit subset; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-97

Identifier: businessUnitSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a term or terminological record indicating its association with a specific department, division, or other unit of an enterprise.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-97 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


characteristic

characteristic; admitted name
characteristic; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-125

Identifier: characteristic   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An abstraction of a property of an object or of a set of objects.
Source: ISO12620

Example: compressibility (gas) flammability (fuel) liquidity (financial assets).
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.4.

Explanation: Essential characteristics are used to delimit concepts when defining them.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.4.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-125 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


classification code

classification code; standardized name
classification code; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-128

Identifier: classificationCode   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A set of symbols, with rules for their application, used to represent classes and their interrelations.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: If classes are represented by words instead of notation, they will probably be treated as subject field and subfield references.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 5127-6:1983, 3.4.3.1-01.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-128 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


concept origin

concept origin; preferred name
concept origin; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-140

Identifier: conceptOrigin   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The institution, locale, culture, country, or other venue from which a concept covered by a terminological entry comes.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: The content of this field is a country or locale identifier. This information is particularly valuable in a localization environment where decisions have to be made about the form that a term or other information will take to meet the expectations of a target culture.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-140 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


concept position

concept position; preferred name
concept position; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-141

Identifier: conceptPosition   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The position of a concept in a concept system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: Concept-related Comment 1: Types of concept position can include: broader concept superordinate concept subordinate concept coordinate concept Concept-related Comment 2: If concept position is indicated in a database, its value can be one of the types listed above, or it can also be indicated as a number such as the classification number data category (A.4.2). A number used to represent concept position or the position of a thesaurus descriptor is frequently called a notation.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-141 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


context

context; preferred name
context; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-149

Identifier: context   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620; 1951   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A text which illustrates a concept or the use of a designation.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-149 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


context type

context type; preferred name
context type; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-150

Identifier: contextType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The characterization of a context according to a set of theoretical or pragmatic types.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-150 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


associative context

associative context; admitted name
associative context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-153

Identifier: associativeContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A context that contains the minimum amount of conceptual information needed to associate a concept to a particular concept field or sense of a word.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Machine tool operations such as blanking, piercing, lancing, shearing, beading and flanging can also be performed in a press brake.
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-153 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


defining context

defining context; preferred name
defining context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-151

Identifier: definingContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A context that contains substantial information about a concept, but that does not possess the formal rigor of a definition.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: When a defining context is composed of an extended discourse on the subject concept, one can speak of an encyclopedic context.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-151 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


explanatory context

explanatory context; preferred name
explanatory context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-152

Identifier: explanatoryContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A context that provides a summary explanation of a concept.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-152 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


linguistic context

linguistic context; preferred name
linguistic context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-154

Identifier: linguisticContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Context that illustrates the function of a term or word in discourse, but that provides no conceptual information.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Cylindrical grinders consume relatively little power.
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: Note: Cases where the occurrence of a term or word is not accompanied by surrounding discourse are simple attestations.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-154 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


metalinguistic context

metalinguistic context; preferred name
metalinguistic context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-155

Identifier: metalinguisticContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Context consisting of a discourse about the term or word as a sign in such a way that it is used in an autonomous way.
Source: ISO12620

Example: A filibuster, which is what we call the well-know practice of conducting an endless debate, can seriously impede the legislative process.
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: The metalinguistic context differs from other types of contexts in the sense that it constitutes a discourse about the term or word itself, while the other types of contexts consist of discourse about the object or the notion to which the term or word refers.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-155 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


translated context

translated context; preferred name
translated context; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-156

Identifier: translatedContext   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A contextual text chunk that has been translated.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: With contexts in particular, the documentation of text chunks written originally in the language in question is particularly important. This can become impossible, however, if a concept is non-existent in that language. See also sample sentence.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-156 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


coordinate concept generic

coordinate concept generic; preferred name
coordinate concept generic; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-159

Identifier: coordinateConceptGeneric   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A subordinate concept having the same nearest superordinate concept and same criterion of subdivision as some other concept in a given generic concept system.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Coordinate concept designates the concept itself, whereas the common linguistic term co-hyponym references the term that represents the concept.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.19.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-159 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


coordinate concept partitive

coordinate concept partitive; preferred name
coordinate concept partitive; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-160

Identifier: coordinateConceptPartitive   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A subordinate concept having the same nearest superordinate concept and same criterion of subdivision as some other concept in a given partitive concept system.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.19.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-160 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


corpus trace

corpus trace; preferred name
corpus path; admitted name
corpus trace; Source: Dandelion; data element name
corpus path; Source: SEW suggestion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-161

Identifier: corpusTrace   Type: complex/open   Origin: Dandlion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Complete path name for a contextual resource that is external to the termbase or exchange file, but that resides on the same system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-161 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


cross reference

cross reference; preferred name
cross reference; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-164

Identifier: crossReference   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A pointer field or record used in a data collection to direct the user to another related location, e.g., another record.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-164 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


customer subset

customer subset; preferred name
customer; admitted name
customer subset; Source: 12620:1999; data element name
customer; Source: TBX Basic; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-165

Identifier: customerSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a terminological record indicating that it is associated with a specific customer.
Source: 12620:1999

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-165 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


definition

definition; preferred name
definition; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-168

Identifier: definition   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A representation of a concept by a descriptive statement which serves to differentiate it from related concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-168 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


definition type

definition type; preferred name
definition type; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-169

Identifier: definitionType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The characterization of a definition according to a set of theoretical or pragmatic types.
Source: ISO12620

Example: See domain details.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-169 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


extensional definition

extensional definition; preferred name
extensional definition; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-171

Identifier: extensionalDefinition   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A description of a concept by enumerating all of its subordinate concepts under one criterion of subdivison.
Source: ISO12620

Example: planets in the solar system: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-171 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


intensional definition

intensional definition; preferred name
intensional definition; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-170

Identifier: intensionalDefinition   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A definition which describes the intension of a concept by stating the superordinate concept and the delimiting characteristics.
Source: ISO12620

Example: See annex C, figures C.1, C.2, C.3.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-170 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


partitive definition

partitive definition; preferred name
partitive definition; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-172

Identifier: partitiveDefinition   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A definition based on the enumeration of the concepts that refer to the main parts of an object covered by a superordinate concept in a partitive relation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: The standard computer workstation is made up of a CPU, a display terminal, variable user input interfaces (e.g., keyboards, mice, scanners, or any combination of these items), storage media (disk and tape drives and the like), and various output devices (e.g., printers, plotters, speakers, etc.).
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-172 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


translated definition

translated definition; preferred name
translated definition; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-173

Identifier: translatedDefinition   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A definition that has been translated from another language.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Although it is ideal to document existing definitions that were originally created in a language, it is sometimes necessary to create translated definitions in consultation with mother-tongue experts in order to document innovative concepts that do not exist in the target culture.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-173 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


directionality

directionality; preferred name
directionality; Source: ISO 12620; 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-192

Identifier: directionality   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620; 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A property of equivalent terms or senses of words indicating whether a similar degree of equivalence exists when moving from a first language to a second language as when moving from the second language to the first.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-192 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


bidirectional

bidirectional; preferred name
bidirectional; Source: ISO 12620; 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-193

Identifier: bidirectional   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042; 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Qualifier used with bilingual equivalent terms or word senses to indicate that a similar degree of equivalence exists when moving from a first language to a second language as when moving from the second language to the first.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-193 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


incommensurate

incommensurate; preferred name
incommensurate; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2910

Identifier: incommensurate   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 33042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Condition where the relation between the term in the source language and the term in the target language as translations is imperfect and should be used with care.
Source: ISO 30042

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2910 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


monodirectional

monodirectional; preferred name
monodirectional; Source: ISO 12620; 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-194

Identifier: monodirectional   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620; 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Qualifier used with bilingual equivalent terms or word senses to indicate that equivalence exists only when moving from a first language to a second language and not when moving from the second language to the first.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-194 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


undetermined directionality

undetermined directionality; preferred name
undetermined directionality; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2918

Identifier: undeterminedDirectionality   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The relation between the term in the source language and the term in the target language as translations has not been determined.
Source: ISO 30042

Note: Note: Trying to reset DC type.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2918 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


domain expert

domain expert; preferred name
domain expert; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-196

Identifier: domainExpert   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Subject field specialist who provides information pertinent to a terminological entry, such as a definition or target language equivalent.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-196 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


element working status

element working status; preferred name
element working status; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-197

Identifier: elementWorkingStatus   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A code indicating the level of completeness and accuracy of an element (field, record, entry) within a language resource collection.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: An element can be a single data element, a data entry, or a group of elements.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-197 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


associated concept

associated concept; admitted name
associated concept; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-201

Identifier: archiveElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An element that has been removed from active use in a database, but is archived for the purpose of retaining database history.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-201 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


consolidated element

consolidated element; standardized name
definitive element; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-200

Identifier: consolidatedElement   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A completed element that has received final approval (sign-off) by the responsible terminologist.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-200 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


exported element

exported element; preferred name
exported element; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-203

Identifier: exportedElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An element that has been exported to another database, databases or to an interchange format.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-203 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


imported element

imported element; preferred name
imported element; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-202

Identifier: importedElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An element that originated as the result of data exchange with another database.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-202 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


starter element

starter element; preferred name
starter element; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-198

Identifier: starterElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A truncated or incomplete initial working element.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: A starter record or entry, for instance, can consist of nothing but a term and an empty template or form, or in some cases, a definition or foreign equivalent, but no source-language term.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-198 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


working element

working element; preferred name
working element; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-199

Identifier: workingElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An element that is substantially complete, but that has not yet been approved by the terminologist responsible for the element.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-199 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


entailed term

entailed term; preferred name
entailed term; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-205

Identifier: entailedTerm   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is defined in another terminological entry in the same lexicon, glossary, terminology or vocabulary.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: 1951

Explanation: Entailed terms can be any term used in a definition, either as a genus or a differentia, or any term used in a note, cross-reference or other textual element.
Source: 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-205 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


entry source

entry source; preferred name
entry source; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-207

Identifier: entrySource   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database or format from which data are imported.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-207 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


environment subset

environment subset; preferred name
environment subset; Source: ISO12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-218

Identifier: environmentSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999.   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a terminology entry indicating its association with a specific computer environment.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-218 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


etymology

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-221

Identifier: etymology   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Information on the origin of a word and the development of its meaning.
Source: ISO12620

Example: term: aspirin etymology: from acetyl + spiraeic acid (old name for salicylic acid).
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Detailed etymology is primarily a concern of lexicology, although terminology is in some instances concerned with these features, particularly with respect to the coining of neologisms in language planning and term formation environments.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-221 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


example

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-222

Identifier: example   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Descriptive material that provides a sample of an object or entity defined in the entry.
Source: ISO12620

Example: See annex C, figure C.1.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-222 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


explanation

explanation; standardized name
explanation; Source: In ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-223

Identifier: explanation   Type: complex/open   Origin: In ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A statement that describes and clarifies a concept and makes it understandable, but does not necessarily differentiate it from other concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Explanation of catalyst: chemistry material that triggers or accelerates a chemical reaction.
Source: 1951

Explanation: In order to constitute an adequate definition, this explanation (which would be classified as defective if it were viewed as a definition) needs to include the information that the catalyst itself is not changed by the reaction.
Source: 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-223 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


external cross reference

external cross reference; preferred name
external cross reference; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-226

Identifier: externalCrossReference   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: URL or other URI for a resource that is external to the database or exchange file.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-226 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


false friend

false friend; standardized name
nonequivalent; admitted name
faux amis; admitted name
false friend; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-227

Identifier: falseFriend   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term or lexeme in one language that only appears to have formal or semantic similarity with a term or lexeme in another language, but that does not represent the same concept.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: False friends are frequently false cognates, i.e., terms that appear to be the same or very similar in etymological origin, but do not have the same meaning in both languages. They can also be false calques or false loan translations, i.e., literal translations that are incorrect or misleading, either because a proper equivalent already exists in the target language or because the elements used in a translation equivalent are not themselves equivalent to those used in the source language. If an entry is present in a language resource for the term or word designated as a false friend, there should be a reference to this entry.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-227 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


figure

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-229

Identifier: figure   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A diagram, picture, or other graphic material used to illustrate a concept or group of concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Annex C, figure C.4, shows an illustrative figure that might be used in conjunction with a term entry.
Source: Mitre; Supplemental convener's comment: Use for illustration.

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; Supplemental convener's comment: Use for illustration.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-229 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


frequency

frequency; preferred name
frequency; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-233

Identifier: frequency   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The relative commonness with which a term occurs.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The definitions of these items are self-explanatory. Designation of a term with respect to frequency can be based on subjective criteria, or it can reflect computer analysis of text corpora, in which case it can also be expressed as a ratio of occurrences per a set number of words in the text corpus.
Source: 1951

Note: SEW: The explanation from 1951 is perhaps confusing and might be removed here.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-233 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


geographical usage

geographical usage; preferred name
geographical usage; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-243

Identifier: geographicalUsage   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Lexeme or term usage reflecting regional differences.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: term: windshield = geographical usage: en US term: windscreen = geographical usage: en GB
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: Comment 1: Language and country symbols can be combined. Comment 2: If available and relevant, the content of geographical usage should be a country symbol as specified in ISO 3166-1 or one of the continent names. In more granular systems, specific regional names can be used, but should be declared elsewhere in the system for user understanding and coherence in the event of data exchange. The country symbol can optionally be preceded by a NOT operator to negate the content. Geographical usage can be represented using a value from the Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR), http://cldr.unicode.org/index.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-243 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; standardized name
grammatical gender; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-245

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A grammatical category that indicates grammatical relationships between words in sentences.
Source: ISO12620

Example: The association of a concept with a gender can be based on word form or other factors and is not necessarily always related to natural gender. In German, the noun "Brücke" (bridge) is feminine, but the French noun "pont" is masculine.
Source: Document recent studies

Explanation: The concept of gender varies from language to language and is not a universal feature of all languages.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-245 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Linguistic sections: French, German, Spanish

Data type: string


feminine

feminine; preferred name
feminine; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-247

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females.
Source: ISO12620

Example: fr: fille, mere
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


masculine

masculine; preferred name
masculine; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-246

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to males.
Source: ISO12620

Example: fr: fils, pere
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-246 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


neuter

neuter; preferred name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-248

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-248 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


grammatical number

grammatical number; preferred name
grammatical number; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-251

Identifier: grammaticalNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: In many languages, the grammatical distinction that indicates the number of objects referred to by the term or word.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: The child eats his dinner. The children eat their dinner. singular: -- child is a singular noun child is a third person singular verb plural: -- children is a plural noun eat is a third person plural verb Example 2: mass noun: -- smoke, water, food.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: In situations where the singular and the plural of a term do not necessarily designate the same concept, the singular and plural should be reported in separate entries in order to retain the concept-orientation of the database.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-251 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


dual

dual; admitted name
dual; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-254

Identifier: dual   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The form used in some languages to designate two persons or things.
Source: ISO12620

Example: used in Greek and a number of other languages
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-254 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


massNoun

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-255

Identifier: massNoun   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Designation of a term or word that is not countable and cannot generally be used with the indefinite article or in the plural.
Source: ISO12620

Example: bread
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-255 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


plural

plural; preferred name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-253

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The form of a term or word (usually of a noun) used to designate more than one object.
Source: ISO12620

Example: boys
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-253 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


singular

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-252

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The form of a term or word (usually of a noun) used to designate one object.
Source: ISO12620

Example: boy
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-252 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


grammatical valency

grammatical valency; preferred name
grammatical valency; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-257

Identifier: grammaticalValency   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The range of syntactic elements either required or specifically permitted by a verb or other lexical unit.
Source: ISO12620

Example: The valency of eat includes a subject (I in I am eating) and an object (cheese in I am eating cheese.) It can thus be said to be bivalent.
Source: Matthews, P.H. 1997. Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Explanation: ...
Source: Matthews, P.H. 1997. Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-257 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


homograph

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-260

Identifier: homograph   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A word that is spelled like another, but that has a different pronunciation, meaning, and/or origin.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: lead (guide), lead (metal); wind (airflow), wind (turn) Example 2: term: lead1 (v) guide ? term: lead2 (n) metal ?
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: As opposed to polysemic terms, which involve the same words being applied to different concepts, homographs are words that are derived from different etymological origins. Homograph is most likely to occur as a pointer to the entry for the other instance or instances where the word is used in association with a different concept. A homograph number is a sequential number used to distinguish homographs. Although many print dictionaries use superscripts for homograph numbers, this convention has been infrequently facilitated in traditional databases. It is easily achieved in Graphical User Interfaces (GUI applications).
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-260 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


hyphenation

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-264

Identifier: hyphenation   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The division of a word in writing, such as at the end of a line, according to a given set of rules.
Source: ISO12620

Example: pho-ne-ti-cian.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Words are hyphenated in order to block text efficiently and attractively for printing. Rules for syllabification and hyphenation can differ in some languages and in some situations.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-264 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


index heading

index heading; standardized name
index word; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-267

Identifier: indexHeading   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term chosen to be used in an index to represent an item or a concept in a document.
Source: ISO12620

Example: All data categories specified in this standard are included as index headings in the index, as are a number of permuted forms, common synonyms, and variants.
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: Keywords are frequently used as index headings, but not all index headings actually occur in documents, as it is good practice to also include those terms as index headings that a potential reader is likely to search for in a document.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-267 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


keyword

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-278

Identifier: keyword   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A word or group of words, possibly in lexicographically standardized, i.e., lemmatized, form, taken out of a title or of the text of a document characterizing its content and enabling its retrieval.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-278 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


language planning qualifier

language planning qualifier; preferred name
language planning qualifier; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-280

Identifier: languagePlanningQualifier   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A qualifier assigned to a provisional term within a language planning or descriptive terminology environment.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: In contrast to the categories listed in A.2.9.1, these items are either not subject to standardization or have not yet been finalized within the standardization process.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-280 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


new term

new term; preferred name
new term; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-284

Identifier: newTerm   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is in the introductory phase of the standardization or language planning process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: This data element refers only to a term's advancement within the standardization activity. See neologism and proposed term (term provenance, A.2.4.1) for data categories that treat etymological or term formation aspects of terms.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


non-standarized term

non-standarized term; preferred name
non-standarized term; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-282

Identifier: nonstandardizedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A candidate term that has not yet been introduced to the standardization or language planning process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-282 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


proposed term

proposed term; preferred name
proposed term; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-283

Identifier: proposedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term used on a provisional basis for a concept for which no satisfactory term exists.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note 1: In translation-oriented terminology work, a proposed term can be a paraphrase representing a concept for which no existing term is available in a target language or for which an apparently obvious loan translation can be undesirable. Over time, proposed terms either come to be recognized as terms themselves or are eventually replaced by more concise, effective terms. Note 2: In descriptive terminology work, a terminologist or expert can propose a term designed to help the user recognize the deficiencies of existing terms, to select a more appropriate term, or to provide a term where none exists.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


lemma

lemma; preferred name
base form; admitted name
lemma; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
base form; Source: common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-286

Identifier: lemma   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The base form of a word or term that is used as the formal dictionary entry for the term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: child (children); dog (dogs); eat (ate, eaten)
Source: ISLE; 1951

Explanation: Note: For nouns, the base form is frequently the nominative singular form (in languages that show variation by case). for adjectives it is the positive form of the adjective, as opposed to the comparative, for instance. In some languages it is uninflected, whereas in others it is the masculine singular. For verbs, it is generally the infinitive rather than an inflected form.
Source: ISLE; 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


morphological element

morphological element; preferred name
morphological element; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-300

Identifier: morphologicalElement   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Unit resulting from the division of words into their smallest meaningful parts. Note: moved to lexeme element from being an independent element; note that this is currently an independent element in 12620
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-300 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


normative authorization

normative authorization; preferred name
normative Authorization; Source: ISO 12620: 1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-374

Identifier: normativeAuthorization   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term status qualifier assigned by an authoritative body, such as a standards body or a governmental entity with a regulatory function.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: This category should be accompanied by or linked to a reference to the normative organization in question.
Source: ISO 12620: 1999

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-374 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


admitted term

admitted term; preferred name
admitted term; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-377

Identifier: admittedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as a synonym for a preferred term.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.4.16.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-377 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Spanish


legal term

legal term; preferred name
legal term; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-380

Identifier: legalTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is legally defined and used in legally binding documents.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Force majeure, designating the title of a standard clause found in contracts exempting the parties for nonfulfillment of their obligations by reasons of occurrences beyond their control, such as earthquakes, floods, or war.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-380 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


not recommended

deprecated term; standardized name
deprecated term admin-sts; standardized name
not recommended; preferred name
rejected term; admitted name
deprecated term; admitted name
deprecated term; Source: ISO12620:1999; data element name
not recommended; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name
deprecated term admin-sts; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
rejected term; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-378

Identifier: deprecatedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as undesired.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The preferred name reflects usage in the TBX interchange format, whereas the admitted forms are more likely to appear in user interfaces.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.4.17.

Note: Usage status value that indicates that the term should not be used. [TBX Basic definition.]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-378 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


preferred term

preferred term; preferred name
preferred term; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-376

Identifier: preferredTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term rated according to the scale of a term acceptability rating as the primary term for a given concept.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.4.15.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-376 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Spanish


regulated term

regulated term; preferred name
regulated term; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-381

Identifier: regulatedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term defined by law or government regulation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Post-consumer recycled product is strictly defined in national and international environmental and consumer-protection legislation.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-381 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


standardized term

standardized term; standardized name
standard term; admitted name
standardized term; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-375

Identifier: standardizedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that has been standardized by a standardizing body.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: Most standardized terms are also preferred terms, but admitted terms can also be included in this category.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-375 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Spanish


superseded term

superseded term; preferred name
superseded term; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-379

Identifier: supersededTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is no longer preferred or admitted.
Source: ISO12620

Example: In plastics terminology, the generic term reformulated plastic has been superseded by the more precise terms recycled plastic, reprocessed plastic, and reworked plastic.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-379 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


note

note; standardized name
comment; admitted name
remark; admitted name
note; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
comment; Source: Common usage; data element name
remark; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-382

Identifier: note   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A statement that provides further information on any part of a language resource entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-382 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


originating institution

originating institution; preferred name
originating institution; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-391

Identifier: originatingInstitution   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An institution (i.e., company, government agency, etc.) treated as a source of information for the purpose of bibliographic documentation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-391 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


originating person

originating person; preferred name
specialist; admitted name
expert; admitted name
originating person; Source: 12620: 1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-392

Identifier: originatingPerson   Type: complex/open   Origin: 1620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An individual treated as a source of information for the purpose of bibliographic documentation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-392 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


other animacy

other animacy; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1953

Identifier: otherAnimacy   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Perceived as related to animacy, but without specific reference to the previous items.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1953 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


other binary data

other binary data; preferred name
other binary data; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-395

Identifier: otherBinaryData   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Any foreign data not covered by the previous categories.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Spreadsheets, virtual reality files, flight simulations, and the like.
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-395 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


part of speech

part of speech; preferred name
pos; admitted name
POS; admitted name
word class; admitted name
part of speech; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name
pos; Source: Short form; data element name
POS; Source: Short form; data element name
word class; Source: Variant; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-396

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A category assigned to a word based on its grammatical and semantic properties.
Source: ISO12620

Example: noun
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-396 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Linguistic sections: German

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


part of speech

part of speech; standardized name
part of speech; Source: GP, ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1345

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Common in lexicograpy, terminology, other domains; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Term used to describe how a particular word is used in a sentence.
Source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720045333/http://people.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


process status

process status; preferred name
process status; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-401

Identifier: processStatus   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The status of a lexical unit or term with respect to its advancement within the standardization process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-401 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


finalized

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-404

Identifier: finalized   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The status of a lexical unit or term that has completed the standardization process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-404 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


provisionally processed

provisionally processed; preferred name
provisionally processed; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-403

Identifier: provisionallyProcessed   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The status of a lexical unit or term that has completed all but the final stages of the standardization process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-403 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


unprocessed

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-402

Identifier: unprocessed   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The status of a lexical unit or term that has not yet begun the standardization process.
Source: ISO12620

Example: (Situation dependent)
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-402 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


product subset

product subset; preferred name
product subset; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-405

Identifier: productSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a product to which a term is related.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-405 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Russian

Data type: string


project subset

project subset; preferred name
project; admitted name
project subset; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
project; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-406

Identifier: projectSubset   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to a specific project indicating that it is associated with a term, record or entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-406 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Russian

Data type: string


pronunciation

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-407

Identifier: pronunciation   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The representation of the manner by which a term or word is articulated.
Source: ISO12620

Example: thermoplastic IPA502, IPA130, IPA326, IPA322, IPA321, IPA501, IPA319. [Insert Unicode]
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Pronunciation is typically indicated using the International Phonetic Alphabet. A given term or word can have more than one pronunciation, in which case it can be highly desirable to link the variant pronunciations to an indication of geographical usage.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-407 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


proprietary restriction

proprietary restriction; standardized name
proprietary restriction; Source: ISO 12620, A.2.3.7; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-413

Identifier: proprietaryRestriction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A restriction placed on a term for the purpose of protecting the right of a company to the exclusive use of the term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Any trade mark, trade name, or service mark.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Note that the copyright distinction is not included in the picklist for this complex data category because proprietary restrictions as noted here pertain to term-like objects, whereas copyright applies to larger text units.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-413 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


service mark

service mark; preferred name
service mark; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-415

Identifier: serviceMark   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination, used, or intended to be used, in commerce, to identify and distinguish the services of one provider from services provided by others, and to indicate the source of the services.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The superscript SM designation identifies a service mark. As indicated in the example cited here, a service mark can also take the form of a logotype. A service mark is similar to a trademark except that it identifies and distinguishes the services of one provider from another.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-415 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


trade name

trade name; preferred name
trade name; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-416

Identifier: tradeName   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The name or style under which a concern does business.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The distinction between trademark and trade name is standardized in American standards and included in terminology collections.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-416 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


trademark

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-414

Identifier: trademark   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A restriction on term usage based on the fact that the term is a device (such as a brand name) pointing distinctly to the origin or ownership of merchandise to which it is applied and legally reserved for the exclusive use of the owner as maker or seller.
Source: ISO12620

Example: term: facial tissue trademark: Kleenex
Source: Mitre

Explanation: (R) is used to identify registered trade marks, whereas the superscript TM designation identifies a trade mark claim that is not or not yet officially registered.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-414 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


quantity

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-417

Identifier: quantity   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The value associated with a concept.
Source: ISO12620

Example: 0 degrees C = freezing point of water
Source: Mitre

Explanation: A quantity, like range and unit, can be a critical delimiting characteristic in defining a concept, particularly in materials databases.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-417 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


range

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-420

Identifier: range   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The relationship between a set of limits within which a quantity is measured, as expressed by stating the lower and upper range values.
Source: ISO12620

Example: 0 degrees C -- 100 degrees C = liquid state of water.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Range, like unit, can be a critical delimiting characteristic in defining a concept, particularly in materials databases.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-420 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


register

register; admitted name
register ; Source: ISO12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-423

Identifier: register   Type: complex/closed   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Classification indicating the relative level of language individually assigned to a lexeme or term or to a text type.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: In some regions and terminology management environments (for instance, family-planning medicine), the categorization of terms according to register can be critical.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-423 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


bench-level register

bench-level register; preferred name
BenchLevelRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-427

Identifier: benchLevelRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The register of terms used in applications-oriented as opposed to theoretical or academic levels of language.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-427 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


in house register

in house register; preferred name
inHouseRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-426

Identifier: inHouseRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The register of terms that are company-specific and not readily recognized outside this environment.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Note: In-house terminology is not necessarily equivalent to bench-level terminology, inasmuch as the former can thrive at very high levels of research and development. In-house terminology is frequently the source of new technical terminology that eventually gains widespread acceptance on a broader scale.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-426 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French, Korean


neutral register

neutral register; standardized name
standard register; admitted name
neutralRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-424

Identifier: neutralRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The register appropriate to general texts or discourse.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


slang register

slang register; preferred name
slangRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-428

Identifier: slangRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An extremely informal register of a word, term, or text that is used in spoken and everyday language and less commonly in documents.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-428 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


technical register

technical register; preferred name
technicalRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-425

Identifier: technicalRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The register appropriate to scientific texts or special languages.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-425 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


vulgar register

vulgar register; preferred name
vulgarRegister; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-429

Identifier: vulgarRegister   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The register of a term or text type that can be characterized as profane or socially unacceptable.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI

Explanation: Note: Although vulgar register is avoided in formal technical terminology, languages with broad distribution such as English or Spanish can require the documentation of problematic terms that vary in register from region to region.
Source: Mitre; TEI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-429 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


related concept

related concept; standardized name
pragmatic relation; admitted name
thematic relation; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-435

Identifier: relatedConcept   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept that has an associative relation to another concept.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-435 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


related concept broader

related concept broader; preferred name
related concept broader; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-436

Identifier: relatedConceptBroader   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept that is roughly broader at some level with respect to a related or associative concept, but without there comprising any clear-cut reference to a defined generic or partitive system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-436 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


related concept narrower

related concept narrower; preferred name
related concept narrower; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-437

Identifier: relatedConceptNarrower   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept that is roughly narrower at some level with respect to a related or associative concept, but without there comprisng any clear-cut reference to a defined generic or partitive system of concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-437 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


reliability code

reliability code; preferred name
reliability code; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-439

Identifier: reliabilityCode   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A code assigned to a data category or record indicating adjudged accuracy and completeness.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Reliability codes are widely associated with equivalence and are viewed as subjective and therefore themselves unreliable.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-439 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


reliability code 10

reliability code 10; admitted name
reliability code 10; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-449

Identifier: reliabilityCode10   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A reliability rating whereby 1 reflects the least possible degree of reliability and 10 reflects the highest.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-449 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reliability code 6

reliability code 6; preferred name
reliability code 6; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-445

Identifier: reliabilityCode6   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A reliability rating whereby 1 reflects the least possible degree of reliability and 10 reflects the highest.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-445 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reliability code 7

reliability code 7; preferred name
reliability code 7; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-446

Identifier: reliabilityCode7   Type: simple   Origin: ISO12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A reliability rating whereby 1 reflects the least possible degree of reliability and 10 reflects the highest.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-446 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reliability code 8

reliability code 8; preferred name
reliability code 8; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-447

Identifier: reliabilityCode8   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A reliability rating whereby 1 reflects the least possible degree of reliability and 10 reflects the highest.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-447 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


reliability code 9

reliability code 9; preferred name
reliability code 9; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-448

Identifier: reliabilityCode9   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A reliability rating whereby 1 reflects the least possible degree of reliability and 10 reflects the highest.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-448 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


responsibility

responsibility; preferred name
responsibility; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-451

Identifier: responsibility   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to the individual associated with a database management transaction.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Types of responsibility can include: originator, inputter, updater, checker, approver, user, subset owner, withdrawer, exporter, importer.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-451 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


sample sentence

sample sentence; preferred name
sample sentence; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-455

Identifier: sampleSentence   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A sentence composed (frequently by a terminologist or language planner) to illustrate the use of a word or term in context in cases where contextual information is unavailable for a new term-concept pair.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Although contextual information should ideally be taken from actual texts written in the language in question, such contextual references may not exist for newly coined or suggested terms.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-455 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


search term

search term; preferred name
search term; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-457

Identifier: searchTerm   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term entered in a term entry for purposes of retrieval.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Many secondary index keys generated in terminological databases function as search terms, e.g., in a directional multilingual entry, target language equivalents can be identified as secondary keys and used as search terms.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-457 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


security subset

security subset; preferred name
security subset; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-458

Identifier: securitySubset   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An in-house security classification of a term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: A security classification can frequently be assigned to a critical term during the product development phase when secrecy is of particular importance. Security qualification can occur in conjunction with date restriction, authorization code, or any of the other subset identifiers.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-458 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Russian

Data type: string


confidential

confidential; preferred name
confidential; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-460

Identifier: confidential   Type: simple   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Security qualifier indicating that only authorized users can access an entry.
Source: ISO 12620

Example: ...
Source:

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-460 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


public

public; preferred name
public; Source: 12620-1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-459

Identifier: public   Type: simple   Origin: 12620-1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Security qualifier indicating that all users in a system can access an entry.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-459 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


see

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-461

Identifier: see   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A pointer field used in a terminology or lexical collection as a direction from one location that does not contain information to the location(s) where information can be found.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-461 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


sequentially related concept

sequentially related concept; preferred name
sequentially related concept; Source: ISO12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-467

Identifier: sequentiallyRelatedConcept   Type: complex/open   Origin: In 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An associative relation based on spatial or temporal proximity.
Source: ISO12620

Example: cause-effect; producer--product; steps in a process.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.24.

Explanation: Comment 1: Types of sequential relation can include: temporal relation spatial relation Comment 2: By virtue of the law of relativity, it can be difficult in some cases to distinguish between spatial and temporal components. For instance, assembly line workstations can be viewed as being in spatial or temporal relation with one another.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.24.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-467 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


short form for

short form for; preferred name
short form for; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-468

Identifier: shortFormFor   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A linking element used to identify a relation between a short form and its full or expanded form.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: The identification of a relation between a short form and its full form enables a database designer to indicate in a machine-readable way which of several possible synonyms appearing in a lex-term entry comprises the base form on which the short form is created and vice versa. Ordinarily, both terms will appear in the same language section, although this is not necessarily mandatory. In some cases, English short forms could be used in other languages, but the English full form is avoided in favor of a translated or other equivalent full form in the language in question. Hence it could occur that a short form cited in a language B is accompanied by a link pointing to the English language full form.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-468 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


sort key

sort key; standardized name
sorting form; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-469

Identifier: sortKey   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A character string used for comparisons in sorting and merging operations.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: A sort key in a language resource can allow alphabetic or systematic access.
Source: Mitre: TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-469 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


source

source; standardized name
source; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-471

Identifier: source   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A complete citation of the bibliographic information pertaining to a document or other resource.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: ISO 10241:1992, International Terminology Standards B preparation and layout; Example 2: Wuester, Eugen. 1968. The Machine Tool. London: Technical Press.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: For instance, a standard number would constitute a complete bibliographic citation, or the complete documentation might be included in a term entry. In electronic database management environments, inclusion of each entire bibliographical source in each terminological entry can lead to the presence of redundant data within a collection.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-471 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


source identifier

source identifier; preferred name
source identifier; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-472

Identifier: sourceIdentifier   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The information in a language resource entry which indicates the source documenting the lexical or terminological data.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-472 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


source type

source type; preferred name
source type; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-474

Identifier: sourceType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: In multilingual and translation-oriented language resource or terminology management, the kind of text used to document the selection of lexical or terminological equivalents, collocations, and the like.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: Both parallel and background texts serve as sources for information used in documenting multilingual terminology entries.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-474 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


background text

background text; preferred name
background text; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-476

Identifier: backgroundText   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: In multilingual and translation-oriented language resource or terminology management, a text written in the source language that provides linguistic and domain related information about the subject of the source text or texts being translated.
Source: ISO12620

Example: For an English computer interface, an English-language operating manual for the relevant operating system might serve as a background text.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-476 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


parallel text

parallel text; preferred name
parallel text; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-475

Identifier: parallelText   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: In multilingual and translation-oriented language resource or terminology management, a text written in the target language that provides either text-typological or linguistic and domain related information about the subject of the source text or texts being translated.
Source: ISO12620

Example: For an English computer interface that is to be translated into German, a German language computer interface for a similar program and the same operating system might serve as a parallel text.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-475 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


spatially related concept

spatially related concept; preferred name
spatially related concept; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-477

Identifier: spatiallyRelatedConcept   Type: complex/open   Origin: In 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A relation of dependence between concepts referring to objects based on their relative positions in space.
Source: ISO12620

Example: right and left sides of the human body; features on the globe (See annex C, figure C.4.)
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.25.

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.25.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-477 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subject field

subject field; standardized name
subject label; admitted name
domain; admitted name
subject; admitted name
subject field; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
domain; Source: ISO 10241-1; data element name
subject; Source: Common variant; data element name
subject label; Source: Common variant; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-489

Identifier: subjectField   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A field of special knowledge.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: The subject field for annex C, figure C.3 is plastics. Example 2: Multiple levels Subject field (level 1): disease Subject field (level 2): cancer Subject field (level 3): non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: Within a language resource database, a set of subject fields, domains or classification codes will generally be defined. More than one subject field can be indicated for a given concept, and subject fields can be designated hierarchically as subfields by indicating a level index. Three levels are typical, although additional levels up to 9 are practically possible.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: [Suggested addition: More elaborate systems can involve links to ontological resources.
Source: SEW

Note: There is some confusion in different versions of 1087-1 and 10241 concerning whether /domain/ or /subject field/ is the preferred term. At this juncture, term usage is not as important for data categories as field name usage, and many current termbases have used /subject field/ in compliance with ISO 12620:1999. The suggestion might be made to set both options to standardized.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-489 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subordinate concept generic

subordinate concept generic; preferred name
subordinate concept generic; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-491

Identifier: subordinateConceptGeneric   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept in a generic relation having the broader intension.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.16.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-491 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subordinate concept partitive

subordinate concept partitive; preferred name
subordinate concept partitive; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-492

Identifier: subordinateConceptPartitive   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept in a partitive relation viewed as one of the parts making up the whole.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.18.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-492 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subset owner

subset owner; preferred name
subset owner; Source: 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-494

Identifier: subsetOwner   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An identifier assigned to the specific individual responsible for administering a subset of lexical or terminological records.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-494 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


superordinate concept generic

superordinate concept generic; preferred name
superordinate concept generic; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-496

Identifier: superordinateConceptGeneric   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A concept in a generic relation having the narrower intension.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 1087-1, 3.2.15.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-496 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syllabification

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-498

Identifier: syllabification   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The division of a word reflecting its articulation by syllables, i.e., by uninterrupted units of pronunciation.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ther mo plas tic.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Syllabification is frequently indicated in dictionary entries and pertains to spoken language.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-498 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


table

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-500

Identifier: table   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An array of data arranged in columns and rows used in documenting, explaining, or describing a concept within a terminology collection.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-500 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


temporal qualifier

temporal qualifier; preferred name
temporal qualifier; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-503

Identifier: temporalQualifier   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An attribution of a term or lexeme with respect to its use over time.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: Temporal qualification involves fine distinctions that can be subjective in nature.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-503 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term

term; standardized name
term; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-508

Identifier: term   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A verbal designation of a general concept in a specific subject field.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Terms can consist of single words or be composed of multiword strings. The distinguishing characteristic of a term is that it is assigned to a single concept, as opposed to a phraseological unit, which combines more than one concept in a lexicalized fashion to express complex situations. Quality assurance system is a term, whereas satisfy quality requirements is a phraseological unit, specifically a collocation.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-508 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term element

term element; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2682

Identifier: termElement   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 112620:1999   Profiles: undecided, Terminology

Definition: Any logically significant portion of a larger term.
Source: ISO 12620:1999

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2682 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term location

term location; preferred name
term location; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1823

Identifier: termLocation   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Type of graphic feature on a GUI associated with a text string defined as a term in a localization-oriented terminology database.
Source: SEW
Note: Localizers use L10n information as a contextual reference when translating strings in resource files.

Example: Examples of Menu items for the File menu in IE include: /New/, /Open/, /Edit/, /Save/, /Save as/, etc.
Source: MS

Explanation: Any value of /term location/ represents a location in the corpus where the term frequently occurs, such as a user interface object (in software), a packaging element, a component in an industrial process, and so forth.
Source: TBX-Basic

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1823 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French, German

Data type: string


combo box

combo box; preferred name
CB; admitted name
combo box; Source: Dandelion; data element name
CB; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2213

Identifier: comboBox   Type: simple   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A commonly-used graphical user interface widget, comprising a combination of a drop-down list or list box and a single-line textbox, allowing the user to either type a value directly into the control or choose from the list of existing options.
Source: Wikipedia

Note: There are several types of combo boxes e.g., simple list boxes, as well as single-selection, drop-down, extended- and multiple-selection, combo, and drop-down combo list boxes.

Note: The static text label of a GUI box that combines a text box with a list box allowing the user to type an entry or to choose an item from the list. [Dandelion definition]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2213 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


group box

group box; preferred name
GB; admitted name
group box; Source: Dandelion; data element name
GB; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2171

Identifier: groupBox   Type: simple   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The title or label of a a GUI box containing a set of controls.
Source: Dandelion

Note: The use of sentence-style capitalization without any final punctuation is common in group box labels.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2171 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


menu item

menu item; preferred name
MI; admitted name
menu item; Source: Dandelion; data element name
MI; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1826

Identifier: menuItem   Type: simple   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An individual text element used in a menu bar or drop-down menu list to represent a specific command for a computer application.
Source: Dandelion

Example: /Neu/, /Öffnen/, /Ändern/, /Speichern/, /Speichern als/
Source: SEW

Example: /New/, /Open/, /Edit/, /Save/, /Save As/
Source: Internet Explorer

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1826 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German


radio button

radio button; preferred name
RB; admitted name
radio button; Source: Dandelion; data element name
RB; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2215

Identifier: radioButton   Type: simple   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The static text label representing a single choice within a set of mutually exclusive choices.
Source: Dandelion

Explanation: Radio buttons are usually round, “empty” circles, inside which a black dot appears when the user sets the value of the button. Radio button labels use sentence-style capitalization without any final punctuation, unless followed by a value, in which case they end with a colon.
Source: Dandelion

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2215 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


tool tip

tool tip; preferred name
TP; admitted name
tool tip; Source: Dandelion; data element name
TP; Source: Dandelion; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1827

Identifier: toolTip   Type: simple   Origin: Dandelion   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The static descriptive text (label) associated with a small context window displayed when the user moves the pointer over a control.
Source: Dandelion

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1827 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German


term provenance

term provenance; preferred name
term provenance; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-509

Identifier: termProvenance   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Classification of a term according to the methodology employed in creating the term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: 1951

Explanation: ...
Source: 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-509 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term structure

term structure; preferred name
term structure; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-516

Identifier: timeRestriction   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The indication of a period of time during or since which a term was or has been subject to specified usage.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Several European countries have redefined the requirements for certain university degrees in recent years. If, for instance, the requirements for a baccalaureate degree changed from three to four years in 1993, then any terminology file defining the term used to designate this degree would have to specify the time restriction affecting the degree.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-516 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term type

term type; standardized name
term type; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2677

Identifier: termType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999; TBX; Geneter   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An attribute assigned to a term.
Source: ISO 12620:1999

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2677 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


abbreviation

abbreviation; preferred name
abbreviation; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-331

Identifier: abbreviation   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Is a: abbreviated form

Definition: An abbreviated form resulting from the omission of words or letters from the full form.
Source: Proposed revision, TBX discussion group

Example: full form: adjective abbreviation: adj.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Note: Proposed new definition from TBX Basic: An abbreviated form formed by omitting letters from a longer form. Further proposal: An abbreviated form created by omitting letters from a longer form.

Note: Old 12620 definition: A designation formed by omitting words or letters from a longer form and designating the same concept.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-331 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


acronym

acronym; preferred name
acronym; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-334

Identifier: acronym   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Is a: abbreviated form

Definition: An abbreviated form resulting from the combination of initial letters or syllables (from each or some of the elements) of the full form and pronounced syllabically like a word.
Source: Proposed revision; TBX discussion group

Example: radar = radio detecting and ranging
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: Any acronym can be so widely accepted that it becomes a term in its own right (e.g., radar in the following example).
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Note: 2013-02: Suggested revised definition from TBX-Basic: An abbreviated form made up of the initial letters of the components of the full form or from the syllables of the full form.

Note: Old 12620 definition: An abbreviation made up of the initial letters of the components of the full form of the designation or from syllables of the full form and pronounced syllabically.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


clipped term

clipped term; preferred name
clipped term; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-335

Identifier: clippedTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Is a: abbreviated form

Definition: An abbreviated form resulting from the truncation of a part of a simple term.
Source: Proposed revision; TBX discussion group

Example: full form: influenza clipped term: flu
Source: ISO 12620:1999

Note: 2013-02: Suggestion reflecting other suggestions made in conjunction with TBX-Basic: An abbreviated form created by truncating a part of a full form.

Note: Old 12620 definition: An abbreviation formed by truncating a part of a simple term.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-335 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


common name

common name; preferred name
common name; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-328

Identifier: commonName   Type: simple   Origin: ISO `12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A synonym for an international scientific term that is used in general discourse in a given language.
Source: ISO12620:1999

Example: mountain laurel, as opposed to the international scientific name, Kalmia latifolia
Source: ISO 12620:1999

Explanation: Common names are generally formed based on metaphor, analogy, and function without reference to the classification rules applied to scientific nomenclatures. Although common names are widely used in general language, they are used in technical and scientific writing as well. Common names vary from language to language and frequently regionally within languages.
Source: SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


entry term

entry term; standardized name
head term; admitted name
main entry term; admitted name
entry term; Source: ISO 1087; data element name
main entry term; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-316

Identifier: entryTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that heads a terminological entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-316 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


equation

equation; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-326

Identifier: equation   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An expression used to represent a concept based on a statement that two mathematical expressions are, for instance, equal as identified by the equal sign (=), or assigned to one another by a similar sign.
Source: ISO12620:1999

Example: E=mc2
Source: SALT

Explanation: Such statements are sometimes documented in terminology databases.
Source: SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-326 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


formula

formula; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-325

Identifier: formula   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Figures, symbols or the like used to express a concept briefly, such as a mathematical or chemical formula.
Source: ISO12620:1999

Example: H2O is the chemical formula for water.
Source: SALT

Explanation: A formula can function as a term representing the concept. In some cases, no other representation exists.
Source: SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-325 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


full form

full form; standardized name
expansion; admitted name
expanded form; admitted name
full form; Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT; data element name
expansion; Source: Common form; data element name
expanded form; Source: Common form; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-321

Identifier: fullForm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term, appellation, or lexeme in its complete presentation (where there exists an abbreviated form).
Source: Proposed change, TBX discussion group

Example: full form: bovine spongiform encephalopathy abbreviated form: BSE
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Note: Original 12620 definition: The complete presentation of a term or lexeme for which there is an abbreviated form.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-321 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


initialism

initialism; preferred name
initialism; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-333

Identifier: initialism   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Is a: abbreviated form

Definition: An abbreviated form resulting from the combination of initial letters or syllables (from each or some of the elements) of the full form and pronounced letter by letter.
Source: Proposed revision; TBX discussion group

Example: full form: bovine spongiform encephalopathy short form: BSE
Source: SALT

Explanation: The distinction between acronyms and initialisms can vary from language to language. The description given here applies to English.
Source: SALT

Note: 2013-02: Suggestion that would comply with changes suggested in the context of TBX-Basic: An abbreviated form made up of the initial letters of the components of the full form of the designation and pronounced letter by letter. Further note: The suggestion eliminates "or from syllables of the full form" because it is not apparent that initialisms that are pronounced letter by letter follow this pattern.

Note: Old 12620 definition: An abbreviation made up of the initial letters of the components of the full form of the designation or from syllables of the full form and pronounced letter by letter.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


international scientific term

international scientific term; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-319

Identifier: internationalScientificTerm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that is part of an international scientific nomenclature as adopted by an appropriate scientific body.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Homo sapiens
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-319 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


internationalism

internationalism; preferred name
internationalism; Source: ISO12620:1999 ; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-320

Identifier: internationalism   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term that has the same or nearly identical orthographic or phonemic form in many languages.
Source: ISO12620:1999

Example: en alcohol, fr alcool, de Alkohol [from Arabic al kuhl].
Source: SALT

Explanation: Internationalisms frequently reflect Latin, Greek or English origins, but other languages, such as Arabic, French, Russian, Chinese and Japanese, have also contributed to the creation of internationalism.
Source: SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-320 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


logical expression

logical expression; preferred name
logical expression; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-327

Identifier: logicalExpression   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An expression used to represent a concept based on mathematical or logical relations, such as statements of inequality, set relationships, boolean operations, and the like.
Source: ISO12620

Example: x y , x ? y , x NOT y , etc. [Insert Unicode]
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-327 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


part number

part number; preferred name
part number; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-338

Identifier: partNumber   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A unique alphanumeric designation assigned to an object in a manufacturing system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Sample part numbers from an automotive power train manufacturing system, where each segment of the number represents a different classification level within the system: clutch cover: 1 110 036 00 a driven disk flange: 3 125 125 04 b driven disk retainer plate: 3 124 119 01 a driven disk cover plate: 3 122 234 00 c diaphragm spring: 4 220 100 00 g
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Terminology databases that are linked to inventory control systems and manufacturing logistical systems include skus and part numbers, which function as designations within the system representing the object in question. Hence they function much like terms and even take on the character of terms in common discourse and text creation.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


phraseological unit

phraseological unit; standardized name
phrase; admitted name
phraseological unit; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
phrase; Source: TBX-Basic; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-339

Identifier: phraseologicalUnit   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Any group of two or more words that are frequently expressed together and that consist of more than one concept, whereby individual words usually function in more than one grammatical category (part of speech) within the syntax of a sentence.
Source: Proposed TBX Basic definition

Example: See examples in A.2.1.18.1-A.2.1.18.3.
Source: SALT

Example: [Proposed replacement] handle with care, this end up
Source: SEW suggestion

Explanation: Although they are made up of more than one word and frequently contain more than one concept, phraseological units can be treated as individual terminological or lexical units in databases. In this sense they are grouped together with terms and lexemes. They can, however, also be treated as contextual material in some databases.
Source: SALT

Note: Any group of two or more words that are frequently expressed together and that consist of more than one concept, whereby individual words usually function in more than one grammatical category (part of speech) within the syntax of a sentence. [TBX Basic definition]

Note: Old 12620 definition: Any group of two or more words that form a unit, the meaning of which frequently cannot be deduced based on the combined sense of the words making up the phrase.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-339 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


short form

short form; preferred name
short form; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-332

Identifier: shortForm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Is a: abbreviated form

Definition: An abbreviated form resulting from the omission of words from the full form.
Source: Proposed revision; TBX discussion group

Explanation: Many short forms are associated with long proper nouns, such as the names of governmental agencies, chemical compounds, and the like.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Note: 2013-02: Suggested revised definition: An abbreviated form that includes fewer words than the full form.

Note: Old 12620 definition: A variant of a multiword term or lexeme that includes fewer words than the full form.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-332 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


sku

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-337

Identifier: sku   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: An inventory item identified by a unique alphanumeric designation assigned to an object in an inventory control system.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Terminology databases that are linked to inventory control systems and manufacturing logistical systems include skus and part numbers, which act as designations within the system representing the object in question. Hence they function much like terms and even take on the character of terms in common discourse and text creation.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-337 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


standard text

standard text; preferred name
standard text; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-343

Identifier: standardText   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A fixed chunk of recurring text.
Source: ISO12620

Example: the force majeure clause of a standard contract terms and conditions of sale warranty disclaimers
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Although they are made up of more than one word and generally contain more than one concept, standard text units can be treated as individual terminological units in terminology databases. These text chunks, as they are called in discourse analysis, are frequently called boiler plate in North American English.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-343 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


string

string; preferred name
string; Source: ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-344

Identifier: string   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A chunk of text used in a software interface, documentation, help file, or the like.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Strings can consist a single word, a sentence, or even a short paragraph. They are similar to standard text in that they generally not really terms, but they are treated as if they were terms in localization environments.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-344 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


symbol

symbol; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-324

Identifier: symbol   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A designation of a concept by letters, numerals, pictograms or any combiantion thereof.
Source: ISO12620

Example: The symbol ? can be used to represent a clause or subclause (section) in a legal document. [Insert Unicode]
Source: 1951

Explanation: ...
Source: 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-324 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


synonym

synonym; preferred name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-317

Identifier: synonym   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Any term or lexeme that represents the same or a very similar concept as the main entry term in a term entry or the headword in a lexical entry.
Source: ISO12620:1999

Explanation: Synonymy is generally relative, i.e., synonyms rarely cover all aspects of the same concept in all instances. The resulting degree of synonymy (A.2.10) is treated using the conventions defined for degree of equivalence (see A.3.1).
Source: SALT; TEI(P3); ISO 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-317 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


synonymous phrase

synonymous phrase; preferred name
synonymous phrase; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-342

Identifier: synonymousPhrase   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A phraseological unit in a language that expresses the same semantic content as another phrase in that same language.
Source: ISO12620

Example: The phrases response to open flame exposure and effect of open flame exposure are treated as synonymous phrases in some fire standards.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-342 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transcribed form

transcribed form; preferred name
transcribed form; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-322

Identifier: transcribedForm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A form of a term or lexeme resulting from an operation whereby the characters of one writing system are represented by characters from another writing system, taking into account the pronunciation of the characters converted.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Japanese: Hiragana syllabary transcription: Romanization according to ISO 3602:1989: taihuu English transcription: typhoon Russian transcription: ?????? Definition: a tropical storm in the western area of the Pacific Ocean in late summer and autumn Chinese: Romanization according to ISO 7098:1991: gongfu English transcription: kung fu Russian transcription: Definition: one of the Chinese martial arts.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-322 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transliterated form

transliterated form; preferred name
transliterated form; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-336

Identifier: transliteratedForm   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A form of a term or lexeme resulting from an operation whereby the characters of an alpabetic writing system are represented by characters from another alphabetic writing system.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Cyrillic script: ?? Latin script: (environment)
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-336 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


variant

variant; preferred name
variant; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-330

Identifier: variant   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A term, appellation, or lexeme in its alternative orthographic presentation.
Source: Proposed revision; TBX discussion group

Example: spelling variants: catalogue (GB), catalog (US)
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Note: Old 12620 definition: One of the alternate forms of a term or lexeme.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-330 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


thesaurus descriptor

thesaurus descriptor; standardized name
descriptor; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-514

Identifier: thesaurusDescriptor   Type: complex/open   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The term in a thesaurus that can be used to represent a concept in a document or in a request for retrieval.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 5127-6:1983, 3.4.2-02.

Explanation: Although concept systems and thesauri can both be used to represent information and knowledge, concept systems are used to represent concept structures in terminology and information management, whereas thesauri are constructed specifically for information retrieval purposes in library science and documentation environments. The two traditions are subject to different conventions and rules and would not normally be combined. Nevertheless, a terminological entry can indicate that a term is a thesaurus descriptor in a documentary language. A number used to represent concept position or the position of a thesaurus descriptor is frequently called a notation.
Source: For definition of related term, see ISO 5127-6:1983, 3.4.2-02.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-514 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


transaction

transaction; preferred name
transaction type; admitted name
transaction; Source: ISO 12620:1999; TBX Basic; data element name
transaction type; Source: TBX-Default; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1689

Identifier: transaction   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: One of the steps involved in the creation, approval, and use of a terminology entry.
Source: http://www.ttt.org/oscar/xlt/webtutorial/datcats10.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1689 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


approval

approval; preferred name
approved; admitted name
approval; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-307

Identifier: approval   Type: simple   Origin: 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the definitive approval of an entry in a lexical or terminological resource.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-307 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


check

check; preferred name
check; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-306

Identifier: check   Type: simple   Origin: 1260: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the checking of an entry in a lexical or terminological resource.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


exportation

exportation; preferred name
exportation; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-310

Identifier: exportation   Type: simple   Origin: 1260: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database event involving the exportation of a lexical entry or a term entry to an outside database or to an interchange format.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-310 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


importation

importation; preferred name
importation; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-311

Identifier: importation   Type: simple   Origin: 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database event involving the importation of a lexical entry or a term entry from an outside database.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-311 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


input

input; preferred name
input; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-304

Identifier: input   Type: simple   Origin: 1260: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the recording of a lexical entry or a term entry or related information into a database.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: Input can be identical to origination, but does not necessarily have to be: one individual can have collected information, while another enters (inputs) it into a database.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-304 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


modification

modification; preferred name
update; admitted name
modification; Source: ISO12620:1999; data element name
update; Source: implied in 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-305

Identifier: modification   Type: simple   Origin: 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the updating of a lexical entry or a term entry.
Source: ISO12620; TBX-Basic
Note: TBX-Basic specifies /last modification/, although this is not part of the TBX-Default DCS.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-305 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


origination

origination; preferred name
origination; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-303

Identifier: origination   Type: simple   Origin: 12620: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the creation of a lexical entry or a term entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-303 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


standardization

standardization; admitted name
standardization; Source: 12620-1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-309

Identifier: standardization   Type: simple   Origin: 12620-1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the standardization of a lexical entry or term entry.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-309 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


user access

user access; preferred name
user access; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-528

Identifier: userAccess   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database event involving a single instance where a user accesses a file or an entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-528 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


withdrawal

withdrawal; preferred name
withdrawal; Source: ISO12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-308

Identifier: withdrawal   Type: simple   Origin: 1260: 1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A database transaction involving the removal of a lexical entry or term entry.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-308 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transfer comment

transfer comment; preferred name
transfer comment; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-520

Identifier: transferComment   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Note included in a lexical entry or term entry providing more explicit information on the degree of equivalence, directionality or other special features affecting equivalence between a lexeme or term in one language and another lexeme or term in a second language.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: ...
Source: TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-520 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


unit

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-523

Identifier: unit   Type: simple   Origin: ?   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A relationship to a reference value as defined by an authoritative body; a quantity measured.
Source: ISO12620

Example: force is measured in newtons. length is measured in millimetres. weight is measured in grams.
Source: Mitre

Explanation: There is only one unit for each quantity in the SI system of units. The unit used to measure a quantity can be extraordinarily valuable in a terminology collection. In some cases, it can represent a major characteristic for determining the precise identity of a referenced concept, especially if polysemy or lack of precision creates ambiguity in a text.
Source: Mitre

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-523 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


usage count

usage count; preferred name
usage count; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-525

Identifier: usageCount   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The number of times an entry has been accessed.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: ...
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-525 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


usage note

usage note; preferred name
usage note; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-526

Identifier: usageNote   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A note containing information on the usage of the associated word or term.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-526 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


video

video; preferred name
video; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-533

Identifier: video   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: Recorded visual images used to represent or illustrate terminological or conceptual information.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Video images can be used to illustrate a concept, a process, a test method, etc.
Source: ISO16642

Explanation: Digitized video can include an audio component.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-533 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Nametype
1abbreviated form forcomplex/open
2abbreviationsimple
3acronymsimple
4adjectivesimple
5administrative statuscomplex/closed
6admittedsimple
7admitted termsimple
8adverbsimple
9animacycomplex/closed
10animatesimple
11antonym conceptcomplex/open
12antonym termcomplex/open
13application subsetcomplex/open
14approvalsimple
15associated conceptsimple
16associative contextsimple
17audiosimple
18background textsimple
19bench-level registersimple
20bidirectionalsimple
21broader concept genericcomplex/open
22broader concept partitivecomplex/open
23business unit subsetcomplex/open
24characteristiccomplex/open
25checksimple
26classification codecomplex/open
27clipped termsimple
28combo boxsimple
29common namesimple
30concept origincomplex/open
31concept positioncomplex/open
32confidentialsimple
33consolidated elementsimple
34contextcomplex/open
35context typecomplex/closed
36coordinate concept genericcomplex/open
37coordinate concept partitivecomplex/open
38corpus tracecomplex/open
39cross referencecomplex/open
40customer subsetcomplex/open
41defining contextsimple
42definitioncomplex/open
43definition typecomplex/closed
44directionalitycomplex/closed
45domain expertcomplex/open
46dualsimple
47element working statuscomplex/closed
48entailed termcomplex/open
49entry sourcecomplex/open
50entry termsimple
51environment subsetcomplex/open
52equationsimple
53etymologycomplex/open
54examplecomplex/open
55explanationcomplex/open
56explanatory contextsimple
57exportationsimple
58exported elementsimple
59extensional definitionsimple
60external cross referencecomplex/open
61false friendcomplex/open
62femininesimple
63figurecomplex/open
64finalizedsimple
65formulasimple
66frequencycomplex/closed
67full formsimple
68geographical usagecomplex/open
69grammatical gendercomplex/closed
70grammatical numbercomplex/closed
71grammatical valencycomplex/open
72group boxsimple
73homographcomplex/open
74hyphenationcomplex/open
75importationsimple
76imported elementsimple
77in house registersimple
78inanimatesimple
79incommensuratesimple
80index headingcomplex/open
81initialismsimple
82inputsimple
83intensional definitionsimple
84international scientific termsimple
85internationalismsimple
86keywordcomplex/open
87language planning qualifiercomplex/closed
88legal termsimple
89legal term admin-stssimple
90lemmacomplex/open
91linguistic contextsimple
92logical expressionsimple
93masculinesimple
94massNounsimple
95menu itemsimple
96metalinguistic contextsimple
97modificationsimple
98monodirectionalsimple
99morphological elementsimple
100neutersimple
101neutral registersimple
102new termsimple
103non-standarized termsimple
104normative authorizationcomplex/closed
105not recommendedsimple
106not recommendedsimple
107notecomplex/open
108nounsimple
109obsoletesimple
110originating institutioncomplex/open
111originating personcomplex/open
112originationsimple
113other animacysimple
114other binary datacomplex/open
115parallel textsimple
116part numbersimple
117part of speechcomplex/closed
118part of speechcomplex/closed
119partitive definitionsimple
120phraseological unitsimple
121pluralsimple
122preferredsimple
123preferred termsimple
124process statuscomplex/closed
125product subsetcomplex/open
126project subsetcomplex/open
127pronunciationcomplex/open
128proposed termsimple
129proprietary restrictioncomplex/closed
130provisionally processedsimple
131publicsimple
132quantitycomplex/open
133radio buttonsimple
134rangecomplex/open
135registercomplex/closed
136regulated termsimple
137regulated term admin-stssimple
138related conceptcomplex/open
139related concept broadercomplex/open
140related concept narrowercomplex/open
141reliability codecomplex/closed
142reliability code 10simple
143reliability code 6simple
144reliability code 7simple
145reliability code 8simple
146reliability code 9simple
147responsibilitycomplex/open
148sample sentencecomplex/open
149search termcomplex/open
150security subsetcomplex/closed
151seecomplex/open
152sequentially related conceptcomplex/open
153service marksimple
154short formsimple
155short form forcomplex/open
156singularsimple
157skusimple
158slang registersimple
159sort keycomplex/open
160sourcecomplex/open
161source identifiercomplex/open
162source typecomplex/closed
163spatially related conceptcomplex/open
164standard textsimple
165standardizationsimple
166standardized termsimple
167standardized term admin-stssimple
168starter elementsimple
169stringsimple
170subject fieldcomplex/open
171subordinate concept genericcomplex/open
172subordinate concept partitivecomplex/open
173subset ownercomplex/open
174superordinate concept genericcomplex/open
175superseded termsimple
176syllabificationcomplex/open
177symbolsimple
178synonymsimple
179synonymous phrasesimple
180tablecomplex/open
181technical registersimple
182temporal qualifiercomplex/closed
183termcomplex/open
184term elementcomplex/open
185term locationcomplex/closed
186term provenancecomplex/closed
187term structurecomplex/open
188term typecomplex/closed
189thesaurus descriptorcomplex/open
190tool tipsimple
191trade namesimple
192trademarksimple
193transactioncomplex/closed
194transcribed formsimple
195transfer commentcomplex/open
196translated contextsimple
197translated definitionsimple
198transliterated formsimple
199undetermined directionalitysimple
200unitsimple
201unprocessedsimple
202usage countcomplex/open
203usage notecomplex/open
204user accesssimple
205variantsimple
206verbsimple
207videosimple
208vulgar registersimple
209withdrawalsimple
210working elementsimple