Numerals


index

cardinal numeral

cardinal numeral; standardized name
cardinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3027

Identifier: cardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word denoting a number.
Source: DZ

Example: en: "one", "two", "three", "eleven", "twenty-two", "hundred", "thousand"
Source: DZ

Explanation: Cardinal numerals, as a subclass of numerals, contrast with ordinal numerals, multiplicative numerals, generic numerals etc. However, some theories prefer to classify the non-cardinals as adjectives, adverbs etc. rather than numerals.
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3027 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


generic numeral

generic numeral; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3022

Identifier: genericNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A numeral used to indicate the number of sets/kinds of objects.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "jedny", "dvoje", "dvojí", "čtvery", "čtvero"
Source: DZ

Explanation: cs: "jedny" is morphologically plural of "jeden" / "jedna" / "jedno" = "one". While the normal cardinal numeral (singular form) means that there was one object, the generic numeral (plural form) means there was one set/sort of such objects. Example: "jedna ponožka" = "one sock" vs. "jedny ponožky" = "one pair of socks". For numerical values higher than 1, the grammatical number is inherently plural but the form of the generic numeral diverges from the cardinal numeral. Example: "dvě ponožky" = "two socks" vs. "dvoje ponožky" = "two pairs of socks"; "čtyři ponožky" = "four socks" vs. "čtvery ponožky" = "four pairs of socks"; "troje dokumenty" = "three sets of documents". Generic numerals must be used with pluralia tantum instead of cardinal numerals. For instance, "dveře" = "door" is in Czech plurale tantum, therefore we must say "dvoje dveře", not "dvě dveře". Another type of generic numerals is exemplified in "sedmero krkavců" = "seven ravens". This type is a bit archaic and can be used in place of a normal cardinal number. Its behavior is closer to a noun with the "n-tuple" sense (although "seven-tuple" would be translated more directly as "sedmice", which is really considered a noun, not a numeral). Another type of generic numeral is exemplified in "dvojí" = "twofold".
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3022 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite cardinal numeral

indefinite cardinal numeral; preferred name
indefinite numeral; admitted name
indefinite numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3023

Identifier: indefiniteCardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word used to express imprecise quantity.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několik" ("some"), "mnoho" ("many/much"), "málo" ("few"/"little"), "kdovíkolik" ("who knows how many")
Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags)

Explanation: Some Czech indefinite numerals are derived from interrogative numerals in the same way as indefinite pronouns are derived from interrogative ones: pronoun "kdo" ("who") -> "někdo" ("someone"); numeral "kolik" ("how many") -> "několik" ("some").
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3023 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite multiplicative numeral

indefinite multiplicative numeral; standardized name
indefinite multiplicative numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3024

Identifier: indefiniteMultiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word indicating imprecise number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několikrát" ("a few times"), "mnohokrát" ("many times"), "vícekrát" ("more times")
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

Explanation: Multiplicative numerals, including indefinites, behave syntactically as adverbs.
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3024 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


indefinite ordinal numeral

indefinite ordinal numeral; standardized name
indefinite numeral with adjectival declension; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3025

Identifier: indefiniteOrdinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word used to indicate imprecise rank of an object in a sequence.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "několikátý" ("umpteenth"): "Už je to několikátý případ." = lit. "Already is it umpteenth case." = "There have been more cases already."
Source: Lingea Lexicon 5 en-cs

Explanation: Ordinal numerals typically follow adjectival declension patterns and also their syntactic behavior is adjectival, hence in some theories they may be classified as adjectives or determiners.
Source: DZ

Note: In Prague Dependency Treebank 1.0, indefinite ordinal numerals are grouped together with other adjectival indefinite numerals, such as "nejeden" ("more than one"), which is indefinite cardinal numeral.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3025 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative cardinal numeral

interrogative cardinal numeral; admitted name
numeral "kolik"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3018

Identifier: interrogativeCardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about quantity.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolik" ("how many") Interrogative usage: "Kolik stojí kilo jablek?" = lit. "How-many costs kilo apples-gen?" = "How much does a kilo of apples cost?" Relative usage: "Nevím, kolik jablek sním." = lit. "I-do-not-know, how-many apples-gen I-will-eat." = "I don't know how many apples I'll eat."
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3018 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative multiplicative numeral

interrogative multiplicative numeral; admitted name
interrogative numeral "kolikrát"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3021

Identifier: interrogativeMultiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about the number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolikrát" ("how many times") Interrogative usage: "Kolikrát to musím opakovat?" = "How many times must I repeat it?" Relative usage: "Kolikrát se pokoušel, tolikrát selhal." = lit. "How-many-times himself he-tried, that-many-times he-failed." = "Each time he tried he failed."
Source: Lingea Lexicon 5 (en-cs)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3021 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


interrogative ordinal numeral

interrogative ordinal numeral; admitted name
interrogative numeral "kolikátý"; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3019

Identifier: interrogativeOrdinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: An interrogative/relative word used to ask about numeric ranking.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "kolikátý" ("which", "of what rank") Interrogative usage: "Kolikátý den v týdnu je pondělí? První." = lit. "Which day in week is Monday? First." = "Which day of the week is Monday? The first one." Relative usage: "To číslo udává, na kolikátém kilometru dálnice se sjezd nachází." = lit. "The number indicates, on which kilometer of-freeway itself exit finds." = "The number indicates on which kilometer of the freeway is the exit."
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3019 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


multiplicative numeral

multiplicative numeral; admitted name
multiplicative definite numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3020

Identifier: multiplicativeNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: A word that expresses the number of times something happened.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "dvakrát" ("twice"), "pětkrát" ("five times"), "třistapětadevadesátkrát" ("three hundred ninety-five times")
Source: DZ

Explanation: Multiplicative numerals behave syntactically like adverbs. They modify verbs ("Řádný muslim se modlí pětkrát denně." = "A good Moslem prays five times a day.") or adjectives ("Byl třikrát ženatý." = lit. "He-was three-times married.")
Source: DZ

Note: The CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank, derived from the PDT 1.0, includes here also numerals "poprvé" ("for the first time") and "podruhé" ("the second time"). These numerals are semantically different from multiplicative numerals, although they share their adverbial syntactic behavior. They would be better described as adverbial ordinal numerals.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3020 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numeral MForm

numeral MForm; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1939

Identifier: numeralMForm   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral MForm.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral approximation

numeral approximation; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1940

Identifier: numeralApprox   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric approximation.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral both

numeral both; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1938

Identifier: numeralBoth   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeric value for two.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral digit

numeral digit; standardized name
numeral written using digits; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1935

Identifier: numeralDigit   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed by Arabic digits.
Source: GF

Example: "1", "2", "3", "4", "1992"
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


numeral fraction

numeral fraction; admitted name
numeral fraction; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3026

Identifier: numeralFraction   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Word used to denote the denominator of a fraction.
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "třetina" ("one third"), "čtvrtina" ("quarter"), "desetina" ("one tenth"), "sedmdesátina" ("one seventieth"), "setina" ("one hundredth"), "milióntina" ("one millionth")
Source: CoNLL 2006 Czech treebank

Explanation: Czech fractions behave morphologically as feminine nouns.
Source: DZ

Note: Note that cs:"sedmdesátiny" (plural of "sedmdesátina") is often interpreted as "the seventieth birthday" instead of plural of "one seventieth". The same applies to other numbers of important birthdays.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3026 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech


numeral letter

numeral letter; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1937

Identifier: numeralLetter   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with letters.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral roman

numeral roman; standardized name
numeral written using roman numerals; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1936

Identifier: numeralRoman   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: numeral

Definition: Numeral expressed with roman digits.
Source: MAF

Example: "I", "II", "III", "IV", "V", "VI", "VII", "VIII", "IX", "X"
Source: DZ

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


ordinal adjective

ordinal adjective; standardized name
ordinal numeral; standardized name
ordinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1338

Identifier: ordinalAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective/numeral/number expressing a numeric ranking.
Source: GF

Example: en: "first", "second", "third", "fourth"
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "první" ("first"), "druhý" ("second"), "třetí" ("third"), "čtvrtý" ("fourth")
Source: DZ

Note: In some theories (e.g. standard Czech grammar) this is considered a subclass of numerals, not adjectives, although it follows adjectival inflection patterns (even in Czech) and behaves syntactically like adjectives.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


Nametype
1cardinal numeralsimple
2generic numeralsimple
3indefinite cardinal numeralsimple
4indefinite multiplicative numeralsimple
5indefinite ordinal numeralsimple
6interrogative cardinal numeralsimple
7interrogative multiplicative numeralsimple
8interrogative ordinal numeralsimple
9multiplicative numeralsimple
10numeralsimple
11numeral MFormsimple
12numeral approximationsimple
13numeral bothsimple
14numeral digitsimple
15numeral fractionsimple
16numeral lettersimple
17numeral romansimple
18ordinal adjectivesimple