TBX-Glossary


index

context

context; preferred name
context; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-149

Identifier: context   Type: complex/open   Origin: 12620; 1951   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A text which illustrates a concept or the use of a designation.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-149 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


definition

definition; preferred name
definition; Source: ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-168

Identifier: definition   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A representation of a concept by a descriptive statement which serves to differentiate it from related concepts.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-168 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


file directionality

file directionality; preferred name
file directionality; Source: UTX-S; GlossML; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3638

Identifier: fileDirectionality   Type: complex/open   Origin: UTX-S; GlossML   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A property of equivalence imposed at the global information level of a bi- or multilingual glossary whereby the equivalence relation expressed by the glossary applies only from the specified source language to the specified target language.
Source: SEW

Example: ja --> en
Source: SEW

Explanation: File directionality applies primarily for simple glossary files that might be used in localization environments or in conjunction with MT lexicons. Technically the form of the conceptual domain should be limited to the statement of an SL in the form of an IETF BCP 47 language tag, some sort of directionality symbol, followed by the statement in a TL, also in the form of an IETF BCP 47 language tag. This constraint could conceivably be imposed at the application level.
Source: SEW

Note: Currently ISO 30042 does not accommodate the inclusion of such a DC, but it could be added to an XCS file in order to augment TBX functionality. The TBX level should be GI. Note also that the conceptual domain could be constrained to "a" language tag, but does not allow for a complex expression of multiple language tags. Therefore the conceptual domain is modelled simply as a string.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3638 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


note

note; standardized name
comment; admitted name
remark; admitted name
note; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
comment; Source: Common usage; data element name
remark; Source: Common usage; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-382

Identifier: note   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A statement that provides further information on any part of a language resource entry.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-382 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


noun class

noun class; standardized name
noun class; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-383

Identifier: nounClass   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The categorization of a noun indicating whether it names a specific object or a class of objects.
Source: ISO12620

Example: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Proper nouns are capitalized in English. Common nouns are not.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-383 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


common noun

common noun; standardized name
common noun; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-385

Identifier: commonNoun   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A noun or adjective denoting a class of objects.
Source: ISO12620

Example: continent
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: ...
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-385 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-384

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A noun or adjective denoting a single object.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Europe
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


part of speech

part of speech; preferred name
pos; admitted name
POS; admitted name
word class; admitted name
part of speech; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; data element name
pos; Source: Short form; data element name
POS; Source: Short form; data element name
word class; Source: Variant; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-396

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A category assigned to a word based on its grammatical and semantic properties.
Source: ISO12620

Example: noun
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-396 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Linguistic sections: German

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


adverb

adverb; standardized name
adverb; Source: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620;ISO 30042; morphosyntax   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech used to refer to a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
Source: Based on Crystal 2003

Example: She threw the ball far, She threw the ball very far, An extremely big horse
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnAdposition.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1232 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


noun

noun; standardized name
noun; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech assigned to words that designate a person, place, action, property or thing etc. that may have morphosyntactic properties like number or case and syntactic combination like modification by an adjective or determination by a determiner
Source: adapted from ISO 12620 with Jan Odijk's comments
Note: It is very difficult to characterize nouns semantically. Let's add that specific derivation and compounding properties may be used to distinguish nouns from other POS like prepositions and determiners.

Example: table, present, idea, Napoleon, Spiderman
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1333 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-384

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A noun or adjective denoting a single object.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Europe
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


verb

verb; standardized name
verb; Source: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620; ISO 30042   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Element which, singly or in combination with other verbs is used as the minimal predicate of a sentence, co-occurring with a subject.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: If the predicate contains other elements (e.g. object, complement), then it is the verb which more than any other is the unit which influences the choice and extent of these elements. A verb (in many languages) expresses morphological features like tense, mood or person.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1424 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


source

source; standardized name
source; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-471

Identifier: source   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A complete citation of the bibliographic information pertaining to a document or other resource.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: ISO 10241:1992, International Terminology Standards B preparation and layout; Example 2: Wuester, Eugen. 1968. The Machine Tool. London: Technical Press.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: For instance, a standard number would constitute a complete bibliographic citation, or the complete documentation might be included in a term entry. In electronic database management environments, inclusion of each entire bibliographical source in each terminological entry can lead to the presence of redundant data within a collection.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-471 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


source identifier

source identifier; preferred name
source identifier; Source: ISO 30042; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-472

Identifier: sourceIdentifier   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 30042   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The information in a language resource entry which indicates the source documenting the lexical or terminological data.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-472 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


subject field

subject field; standardized name
subject label; admitted name
domain; admitted name
subject; admitted name
subject field; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name
domain; Source: ISO 10241-1; data element name
subject; Source: Common variant; data element name
subject label; Source: Common variant; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-489

Identifier: subjectField   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A field of special knowledge.
Source: ISO12620

Example: Example 1: The subject field for annex C, figure C.3 is plastics. Example 2: Multiple levels Subject field (level 1): disease Subject field (level 2): cancer Subject field (level 3): non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: Within a language resource database, a set of subject fields, domains or classification codes will generally be defined. More than one subject field can be indicated for a given concept, and subject fields can be designated hierarchically as subfields by indicating a level index. Three levels are typical, although additional levels up to 9 are practically possible.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

Explanation: [Suggested addition: More elaborate systems can involve links to ontological resources.
Source: SEW

Note: There is some confusion in different versions of 1087-1 and 10241 concerning whether /domain/ or /subject field/ is the preferred term. At this juncture, term usage is not as important for data categories as field name usage, and many current termbases have used /subject field/ in compliance with ISO 12620:1999. The suggestion might be made to set both options to standardized.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-489 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term

term; standardized name
term; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-508

Identifier: term   Type: complex/open   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profile: Terminology

Definition: A verbal designation of a general concept in a specific subject field.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: Terms can consist of single words or be composed of multiword strings. The distinguishing characteristic of a term is that it is assigned to a single concept, as opposed to a phraseological unit, which combines more than one concept in a lexicalized fashion to express complex situations. Quality assurance system is a term, whereas satisfy quality requirements is a phraseological unit, specifically a collocation.
Source: ISO 12620:1999; SALT

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-508 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


term source language

term source language; preferred name
srclang; admitted name
source language; admitted name
SL; admitted name
#src; admitted name
term source language; Source: SEW; data element name
source language; Source: SEW; data element name
SL; Source: SEW; data element name
#src; Source: UTX-S; data element name
srclang; Source: GlossML; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3639

Identifier: termSourceLanguage   Type: complex/open   Origin: UTX-S, GlossML   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The language of the source language term defined in a monodirectional terminology or lexical resource expressed in the form of an IETF BCP 47 language tag.
Source: SEW

Example: If language directionality is declared as ja --> en, then the source language for any term pairs defined by a glossary or other resource would be ja.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3639 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: language


term target language

term target language; preferred name
term target language; admitted name
target language; admitted name
term target language; Source: SEW; data element name
target language; Source: SEW; data element name
TL; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3640

Identifier: termTargetLanguage   Type: complex/open   Origin: UTX-S, GlossML   Profile: Terminology

Definition: The language of the target language term defined in a monodirectional terminology or lexical resource espressed in the form of an IETF BCP 47 language tag.
Source: SEW

Example: If language directionality is declared as ja --> en, then the target language for any term pairs defined by a glossary or other resource would be en.
Source: SEW

Note: Care should be taken in any given interface to ensure that "target language" and "TL" unambiguously refer to terms or lexical units, as this designation could also apply to the target language of a translated text.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3640 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: language


Nametype
1adjectivesimple
2adverbsimple
3common nounsimple
4contextcomplex/open
5definitioncomplex/open
6file directionalitycomplex/open
7notecomplex/open
8nounsimple
9noun classcomplex/closed
10part of speechcomplex/closed
11proper nounsimple
12sourcecomplex/open
13source identifiercomplex/open
14subject fieldcomplex/open
15termcomplex/open
16term source languagecomplex/open
17term target languagecomplex/open
18verbsimple