CGN


index

NP agreement

NP agreement; admitted name
NPAGR; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5009

Identifier: npAgreement   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Characteristic of articles and determiners which are to agree in number and gender with the word they combine with
Source: CGN

Note: article http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4952; determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4980

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5009 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


agreement

agreement; admitted name
agr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5010

Identifier: agreement   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified form indicating that the word form is always the same
Source: CGN

Example: GEEN stoel(en), no chair(s); GEEN boek(en), no book(s)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5010 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


rest

rest; admitted name
rest; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5012

Identifier: rest   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement

Definition: word form that is to be combined with either a non-neuter singular or with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: DE man (THE man), DE mannen (THE men), DE kinderen (THE children), ONZE hond(en) (OUR dog(s))
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5012 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5014

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: de studenten WIER houding � (the students WHOSE attitude �)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5014 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular non-neuter

singular non-neuter; admitted name
evz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5013

Identifier: singularNonNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a non-neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: iedere man, iedere kast (every man, every cupboard)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5013 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular neuter

singular neuter; admitted name
evon; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5011

Identifier: singularNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement

Definition: form asking for a neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: HET kind (THE child), IEDER paard (EVERY horse)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5011 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


agreement 3rd person

agreement 3rd person; admitted name
agr3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5015

Identifier: agreement3rdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: abstract underspecified feature indicating a 3-gender system
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5015 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


rest 3rd person

rest 3rd person; admitted name
rest3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5017

Identifier: rest3rdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a feminine singular or a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: de macht DER gewoonte (the force of habit), de koning DER elfen (the king of the elves)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5017 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5019

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a plural head
Source: CGN

Example: proletariers ALLER landen (proletarians of all countries)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5019 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular feminine

singular feminine; admitted name
evf; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5018

Identifier: singularFeminine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: rest 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a feminine singular head
Source: CGN

Example: in DER minne (by mutual agreement)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5018 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular masculine neuter

singular masculine neuter; admitted name
evmo; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5016

Identifier: singularMasculineNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: agreement 3rd person

Definition: word form that is to be combined with a masculine or neuter singular head
Source: CGN

Example: de heer DES huizes (the master of THE house), te MIJNEN huize (at my home)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5016 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


NUMTYPE

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5295

Identifier: NUMTYPE   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5295 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


cardinal

cardinal; admitted name
hoofd; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4968

Identifier: cardinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a numerical value used to express an amount
Source: CGN

Example: one, two, seven. Not:many
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4968 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


ordinal

ordinal; admitted name
rang; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4969

Identifier: ordinalNumeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a numerical value used to express an ordering
Source: CGN

Example: second, first. Not:last
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4969 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


Word form

Word form; admitted name
Word form; Source: INL; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4389

Identifier: WordForm   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word
Source: INL

Example: go, went ; child, children; nice, nicer.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4389 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


case

case; admitted name
CASE; Source: CGN; data element name
NAAMVAL; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4932

Identifier: case   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a grammatical category used to identify the syntactic relationship between words in a sentence.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4932 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


dative

dative; admitted name
dat; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4938

Identifier: dativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form mainly used to express an indirect object
Source: CGN

Example: te mijnEN huize
Source: CGN

Note: these are archaic forms

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4938 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


genitive

genitive; admitted name
gen; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4937

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form which expresses a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day)
Source: CGN

Example: John's book
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4937 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


genitive or dative

genitive or dative; admitted name
bijz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4936

Identifier: genDatCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of either genitive or dative case when these do not correspond with different forms
Source: CGN

Example: zaligER gedachtenis (blessed memory) vs te goedER trouw (faithfully)
Source: CGN

Note: these are archaic forms

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4936 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plain case

plain case; admitted name
standard case; admitted name
stan; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4933

Identifier: plainCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of forms showing no characteristics (affixes) of a specific case (like nominative, oblique, dative etc)
Source: CGN

Example: office, booklet, trees, nice. Not: he, we, him
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4933 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


nominative

nominative; admitted name
nom; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4934

Identifier: nominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plain case

Definition: indication of the form used to indicate the subject of a verb
Source: CGN

Example: he, we, they. Not: the MAN bought trees
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4934 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


oblique

oblique; admitted name
obl; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4935

Identifier: obliqueCase   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: plain case

Definition: indication of form used to indicate the object of a verb or preposition
Source: CGN

Example: him, her, them. Not: the man bought TREES
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4935 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


comparison

comparison; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4923

Identifier: comparison   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characterization of the degree of intensity of a specific feature by affixes (suffix, infix) or by suppletion
Source: CGN

Explanation: almostSameAs DC-2779
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4923 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


declension

declension; admitted name
inflection; admitted name
BUIGING; Source: CGN; data element name
DECLENSION; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4944

Identifier: declension   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of adaptation of the form of a word in relation to its position
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4944 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


declension-e

declension-e; admitted name
met-e; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4946

Identifier: declension-e   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that an '-e' had to be added to the base form of a specific word in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: mooiE huizen (beautiful houses), een mooiE stad (a nice town)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4946 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


declension-s

declension-s; admitted name
met-s; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4947

Identifier: declension-s   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that an '-s' had to be added to the base form of a specific word in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: iets mooiS (something nice)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4947 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


without declension

without declension; admitted name
zonder; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4945

Identifier: withoutDeclension   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that the form of the word has not changed in order to comply with its position
Source: CGN

Example: a beautiful house (een mooi huis)
Source: CGN

Note: position http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4945 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


degree

degree; admitted name
GRAAD; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4920

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property concerning word forms expressing comparison and diminutive
Source: CGN

Example: large, largER, largEST, manneTJE (small man), kindJE (small child)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4920 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


base

base; admitted name
plain; admitted name
basis; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4921

Identifier: base   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form indicating the absence of diminutive, comparative and superlative affixes/suppletion
Source: CGN

Example: large, good, reliable, book, cat
Source: CGN

Explanation: positive: only when comparison is involved. 'Base' is broader as it also covers forms that are not diminutive.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4921 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


comparative

comparative; admitted name
comp; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4924

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value expressing 9affix, suppletion) a higher than basic level of intensity of the named feature, while it is not the highest level.
Source: CGN

Example: larger, better, more (reliable)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


diminutive

diminutive; admitted name
dim; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4922

Identifier: diminutive   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form expressing smallness by means of affixes
Source: CGN

Example: boekJE (small book)
Source: CGN

Explanation: The meaning of a word is not relevant
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4922 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


superlative

superlative; admitted name
sup; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4925

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: value expressing (via affix or suppletion) the highest level of intensity of the named feature
Source: CGN

Example: largeST, BEST, MOST (reliable)
Source: CGN

Note: 'most reliable': 'most' is a superlative form, whereas 'reliable' is just a positive form

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4925 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


dialect

dialect; admitted name
dial; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5038

Identifier: dialect   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a particular word belongs to a regional variety of a language and should not be used outside that region in order to be understood
Source: CGN

Example: dieje frak - that coat
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5038 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


gender

gender; admitted name
GENUS; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4926

Identifier: GENDER   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A property indicating grammatical relationships between words in sentences abstracting away from natural gender/sex
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4926 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; admitted name
genus; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4927

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified description of grammatical gender, used when a word appears as both neuter and nonneuter with the same meaning, while the context is not sufficient for disambiguation
Source: CGN

Example: een filter (a filter), een gilde (a guild). Not: een groot filter (a large filter), een pad (de pad - the toad; het pad - the path)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4927 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


feminine

feminine; admitted name
fem; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4931

Identifier: feminine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words, especially pronouns, which can only refer to antecedents mentioning entities with natural gender feminine
Source: CGN

Example: herself, she. Not: woman, girl, cow, bus
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4931 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


masculine

masculine; admitted name
masc; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4930

Identifier: masculine   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words, especially pronouns, which can only refer to antecedents mentioning entities with natural gender masculine
Source: CGN

Example: himself, he. Not: man, boy, stallion
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4930 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


neuter

neuter; admitted name
onz; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4928

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words associated with an article characterized as neuter, or behaving as such
Source: CGN

Example: the girl, the little_boy, the family, the horse, the home, the water; een *oude/oud paard (an old horse)
Source: CGN

Explanation: Note that morphosyntactic gender is concerned. The actual, real-life gender (a girl being feminine, or at least non-neuter) is not relevant for this distinction.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4928 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


non-neuter

non-neuter; admitted name
gendered; admitted name
zijd; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4929

Identifier: nonNeuter   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: grammatical gender

Definition: indication of words associated with an article characterized as non-neuter, or behaving as such.
Source: CGN

Example: the man, the woman, the cow, the fish, the chair, the church, the tree, the toad, the ocean. Not: the girl, the brain; een oude/*oud koe (en old cow)
Source: CGN

Explanation: Note that morphosyntactic gender is concerned. The actual, real-life gender (a girl being feminine, or at least non-neuter) is not relevant for this distinction.
Source: CGN

Note: non neuter' is used when the distinction between masculine and feminine is not longer felt to be relevant as far as morphosyntactic gender is concerned. But see http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4930 and http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4931

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4929 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


number

number; admitted name
GETAL; Source: CGN; data element name
NUMBER; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4916

Identifier: number   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication of the number of entities involved as expressed by affixes or by suppletion. In case of pronouns this is reflected in the bare form of the pronoun used as it has to match the number of its antecedent.
Source: CGN

Example: bookS, womEn, Jan denkt er het ZIJNe van (Jan has HIS thoughts about it), Jan en de ZIJNen (Jan and HIS people)
Source: CGN

Explanation: It is the form of the word that is of importance, like a noun, not of the word referring to such an entity, i.e. when number is expressed in the tag of a pronoun, it is the antecedent that matters.
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4916 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


number

number; admitted name
getal; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4917

Identifier: number   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: underspecified specification used for pronouns where the number of referents (one or more) is not clear
Source: CGN

Example: your people, whose train
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4917 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


plural

plural; admitted name
mv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4919

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: number

Definition: word form indicating that more than one entity is involved, or, when applied to pronouns, that it refers to more than one entity
Source: CGN

Example: de huizen, hersenen,drie jaren, (hij is een van de) onzen - the houises, three years, brain, he is one of OUR prople
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4919 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular

singular; admitted name
ev; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4918

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: number

Definition: word form indicating that one entity is involved, or, when applied to pronouns, that this pronoun refers to one entity
Source: CGN

Example: het huis, ( Jan en de) zijnen, drie jaar, een bende boeken - the house, three year, lots of books, Jan and HIS people
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4918 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


number of noun

number of noun; admitted name
GETAL-N; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4913

Identifier: numberOfNoun   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication whether one or more nominal entities are described
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4913 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


plural-n

plural-n; admitted name
mv-n; Source: CGN; data element name
meervoud-n; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4914

Identifier: pluralSuffix-N   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that several entities are described according to the plural suffix '(e)n' attached to the lemma
Source: CGN

Example: de armEN � the poor, de timideN � the shy people, Jan en de zijnEN (John and his people)
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4914 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


unmarked plural

unmarked plural; admitted name
zonder-n; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4915

Identifier: noSuffix-N   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that one or more entities are involved, although a suffix '(e)n' indicating a plural is lacking
Source: CGN

Example: de langste is/zijn al verkocht (the largest is/are already sold)
Source: CGN

Explanation: applicable in a form-driven approach when nominally used parts of speech, like adjectives or verbs, are involved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4915 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


partOfSpeech

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5294

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5294 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; admitted name
ADJ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4948

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word characterizing an independent entity like a noun or its equivalent, while it is not a word form of another part of speech
Source: CGN

Example: a BEAUTIFUL house, NICE cities. Not: a BROKEN window
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach: 'The broken window' 'broken ' is considered a form of a verb, not of an adjective
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4948 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


adposition

adposition; admitted name
VZ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4953

Identifier: adposition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word occuring before/inside/after a complement composed of a noun phrase, noun, pronoun or their equivalent and thus becoming part of a larger word group, whereas in some languages the adpositions themself may also occur in isolation
Source: CGN

Example: BEFORE the break, its importance NOTWITHSTANDING, dat loopt na een paar maanden flink OP (that mounts up after a few months), dat is bij de beesten AF (that is beastly)
Source: CGN

Note: noun: DC-1333, pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4953 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


adverb

adverb; admitted name
BW; Source: CGN; data element name
ADV; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4955

Identifier: adverb   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Usually uninflected word presenting further details (like degree, circumstances) with respect to an action expressed by for example a verb or an adjective
Source: CGN

Example: YESTERDAY she threw the ball over the fence, He did NOT fall, She threw the ball VERY far, An EXTRTEMELY big horse
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach the original form of a word counts, not its function. What in some tagsets may be considered an adverb, is considered an adjective (in free position) or a noun or another part of speech in such an approach.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4955 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


article

article; admitted name
LID; Source: CGN; data element name
ART; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4952

Identifier: article   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a word to be placed before a noun or its equivalent in order to indicate whether or not a specific member of a group is meant
Source: CGN

Example: the man, the girl, a child, a book
Source: CGN

Note: noun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4909

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4952 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


conjunction

conjunction; admitted name
VG; Source: CGN; data element name
CONJ; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4954

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a word linking other words or word groups while it is not part of either of these
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4954 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


interjection

interjection; admitted name
TSW; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4970

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: words that are usually used as stand-alone utterances, like onomatopoeia, expressions of emotions, terms of social exchange
Source: CGN

Example: cock-a-doodle-doo, miaow, ow, ouch, blast, hello. Not silence !, gone
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4970 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


noun

noun; admitted name
substantive; admitted name
N; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4909

Identifier: noun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word that can be combined with a demonstrative pronoun, while it is not a word form of another part of speech
Source: CGN

Example: (a/that) MAN, (the/these) CHILDREN, (the/that) SAND, (the/that) DOVER ; not: (the/*these) poor
Source: CGN

Explanation: in a form-driven approach the original form of a word counts, not its function. In 'the poor are to make sure that �', 'poor' is considered a nominally used adjective with the prerequisite that the original meaning is preserved.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4909 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


numeral

numeral; admitted name
TW; Source: CGN; data element name
NUM; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4950

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word expressing the amount or order of an+I62 independent unit (noun or other part of speech in nominal position), while forms for both types are available.
Source: CGN

Example: one, three, second, twelfth, hoeveel (how many). Not: anderhalf (one and a half), driekwart (three-quarter)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4950 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


pronoun

pronoun; admitted name
VNW; Source: CGN; data element name
PRON; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word referring to an element in a text or outside a text, i.e. in the world outside. There exist, however, a few non-referring pronouns.
Source: CGN

Example: non-referring: it is raining
Source: CGN

Note: There exist, however, a few non-referring pronouns.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


punctuation

punctuation; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4972

Identifier: punctuation   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: graphical marker used to delimit and/or to structure (parts of) sentences, not words.
Source: CGN

Example: I will ! He bought a car, a red one. "What did he say?" Not: zo'n (such a), Jean-Pierre, 's avonds (at night), i.e.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4972 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


special sign

special sign; admitted name
SPEC; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4956

Identifier: specialSign   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: a token neither being a word of the language under consideration nor a punctuation marker
Source: CGN

Example: a token that does not belong to the vocabulary of a specific language, nor to the interpunction
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4956 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


verb

verb; admitted name
WW; Source: CGN; data element name
V; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4949

Identifier: verb   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: word that can be conjugated when combined with other words or groups of words in a sentence
Source: CGN

Example: They swim. John swims. He is swimming. The window was broken . The broken window.
Source: CGN

Explanation: In a form-driven approach: 'The broken window' 'broken ' is considered an form of a verb, nor of an adjective
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4949 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person

person; admitted name
PERSOON; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4994

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Feature concerning the referent of a pronoun
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4994 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


person

person; admitted name
person; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4995

Identifier: person   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: generic value for reciprocal pronomina whose antecedent can be of any person
Source: CGN

Example: Ze hebben MEKAAR gezien (They have seen each other)
Source: CGN

Note: person http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4994

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4995 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 1

person 1; admitted name
1; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4996

Identifier: person-1   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: form indicating a 1st person referent
Source: CGN

Example: WE have seen each other
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4996 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2

person 2; admitted name
2; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4997

Identifier: person-2   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: neutral form as far as expressing politeness/ familiarity is concerned
Source: CGN

Example: GIJ moet niet zo onnozel doen (YOU shouldn't behave that foolish); ze kunnen U bijna niet verstaan (they can hardly understand YOU)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4997 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2b

person 2b; admitted name
2b; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4999

Identifier: person-2b   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 2

Definition: form used when keeping a distance, 2nd person
Source: CGN

Example: U moet UZELF beschermen (you should protect yourself)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4999 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 2v

person 2v; admitted name
2v; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4998

Identifier: person-2v   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 2

Definition: form indicating a familiar relationship, 2nd person
Source: CGN

Example: JE moet JEZELF beschermen (you should protect yourself) , ik heb JOU daar gezien (I've seen YOU over there)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4998 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3

person 3; admitted name
3; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5000

Identifier: person-3   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person

Definition: neutral expression for 3rd person
Source: CGN

Example: HIS horse, HER child
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5000 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3o

person 3o; admitted name
3o; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5004

Identifier: person-3o   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word not referring to a person
Source: CGN

Example: WAT is er aan de hand? (What is going on?)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3p

person 3p; admitted name
3p; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5001

Identifier: person-3p   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3

Definition: form of pronoun which only is used to refer to a human
Source: CGN

Example: we hebben HEN gezien (we've seen THEM), EENIEDER is vertrokken (everyone has left)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5001 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3m

person 3m; admitted name
3m; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5003

Identifier: person-3m   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3p

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word referring to a man (natural gender)
Source: CGN

Example: WIENS hoed is dit? (WHOSE hat is this?)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5003 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


person 3v

person 3v; admitted name
3v; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5002

Identifier: person-3v   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: person 3p

Definition: form of pronoun which can only be combined with a word referring to a woman (natural gender)
Source: CGN

Example: te HARER ere (in HER honour)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5002 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


position

position; admitted name
POSITIE; Source: CGN; data element name
POSITION; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

Identifier: position   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: the location with respect to the head of a word group at which a word is realized
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


nominal

nominal; admitted name
nom; Source: CGN; data element name
hier positie, ittt 3337: functie; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4941

Identifier: nominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word that is not a noun appears at a position where a noun is expected while the whole functions as a noun phrase
Source: CGN

Example: The POOR were against that decision.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4941 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


postnominal

postnominal; admitted name
postnom; Source: CGN; data element name
mod nazien; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4942

Identifier: postnominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the right of a noun or its equivalent while being part of the same word group
Source: CGN

Example: something nice
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4942 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


predicative or adverbial position

predicative or adverbial position; admitted name
free; admitted name
vrij; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4943

Identifier: predicativeAdverbialPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the position meant for the nonverbal part of a predicate or that of an adverb
Source: CGN

Example: he is STRONG, that day they slept a little bit LONGER
Source: CGN

Note: predicate: DC-2315, bijwoord: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4955 or equivalent, position http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4939

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


prenominal

prenominal; admitted name
prenom; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4940

Identifier: prenominalPosition   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is realized at the left of a noun or its equivalent while being part of the same word group
Source: CGN

Example: a NICE day
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4940 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


special sign

special sign; admitted name
SPEC; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5030

Identifier: SPECTYPE   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characterization of tokens for various reasons not belonging to either the words of a specific language or the punctuation markers used in that language
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5030 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


abbreviation

abbreviation; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5036

Identifier: abbreviation   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word resulted by leaving out characters of a longer word or words, keeping the original meaning, while the resulting word is not considered a proper noun nor behaves as a common noun
Source: CGN

Example: etc., i.e., e.g., abbr.; not: NATO, IBM, EU, DVDs
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5036 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


broken off

broken off; admitted name
afgebr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5031

Identifier: brokenOff   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is not fully realized
Source: CGN

Example: a) Face-to uh face-to-face conversation; face-to-face con..., b) Dutch: in- en uitvoer (import and export)
Source: CGN

Explanation: .
Source: CGN

Note: especially occurring in spoken language corpora

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5031 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


comment

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5296

Identifier: comment   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5296 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


foreign

foreign; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5033

Identifier: foreign   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a token or word does not belong to the language under consideration, either because it belongs to an older or newer phase of that language, or to another language while that word has not been incorporated by the language under consideration from a morpho-syntactical point of view
Source: CGN

Example: thou, ye; he said: �Je suis malade� (he said;"I am ill"); not: croissant, springbok
Source: CGN

Explanation: Springbok' has a plural 'springboks' whereas in the original language (Afrikaans) the plural is 'springbokke'
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5033 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


incomprehensible

incomprehensible; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5032

Identifier: incomprehensible   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word could not be understood
Source: CGN

Example: Jeremy xxx
Source: CGN

Explanation: aanduiding dat een woord niet kon worden verstaan
Source: CGN

Note: especially occurring in spoken language corpora

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5032 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


noise

noise; admitted name
achter; Source: CGN; data element name
noise; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5035

Identifier: background   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: remark with respect to sounds not belonging to a resource as such
Source: CGN

Example: �books are falling on the floor�
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5035 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


part of proper noun

part of proper noun; admitted name
deeleigen; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4912

Identifier: partOfProperNoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: separate part of string of words denoting single objects
Source: CGN

Example: "New" "York", "Isle" "of" "Man", "Steve" "Jobs". Not: Guinea-Bissau
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4912 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


symbol

symbol; admitted name
symb; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5037

Identifier: symbol   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a token expresses a formula, contains (or exists of) elements that do not belong to the alphabet under consideration while these are not abbreviations or proper nouns
Source: CGN

Example: %,=, NaCl, isocat@mpi.nl, :( , #BBC, but not the names of political parties, companies like C&A, YourM&S, Q8
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5037 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


use-mention distinction

use-mention distinction; admitted name
meta; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5034

Identifier: meta   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: indication that a word is mentioned in a sentence while it does not refer to the world outside the text
Source: CGN

Example: The teacher said:"the word 'the' is an article"
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5034 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


status of realization

status of realization; admitted name
STATUS; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5005

Identifier: status   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Characteristic of pronomina and possessive determiners expressing features concerning their realization
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


full realization

full realization; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5006

Identifier: fullStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner neutrally realized
Source: CGN

Example: ik (I), wij (we), zijn (his)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5006 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


reduced realization

reduced realization; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5007

Identifier: reducedStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner realized in a less prominent way (via suppletion)
Source: CGN

Example: "'k" instead of "ik" (I), "we" instead of "wij", "z'n" instead of "zijn" (his)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5007 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


stressed

stressed; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5008

Identifier: stressedStatus   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A pronomen or possessive determiner realized with stress, for example by adding an affix
Source: CGN

Example: ikZELF , meZELF, ikKE (mySELF)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978, possessive determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5008 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


token

token; admitted name
token; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4971

Identifier: token   Type: complex/open   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Character string surrounded by interspaces and/or interpuction
Source: CGN

Example: The, man, bought, Hans', car, .
Source: CGN

Note: Note that the interpuntion markers themselves are tokens as well, while the apostrophe in "John's" is not!

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4971 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


type of adposition

type of adposition; admitted name
type of preposition; admitted name
VZTYPE; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5023

Identifier: typeOfAdposition   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: specification of the position of a preposition
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5023 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


final

final; admitted name
fin; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5025

Identifier: final   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: adposition placed after its complement (adverb, NP, PP), or in a free position
Source: CGN

Example: the weather notwithstanding, hij speelde het bandje AF (he played the tape), hij was vroeg OP+J138 (he was up early)
Source: CGN

Explanation: In the Dutch examples the verb 'afspelen' (to play) was split. In such a case the split part ('af'), a particle, is treated the same way as the isolated preposition 'op' in "hij was vroeg op" (he was up early). Note that a verb 'opzijn' does not exist..
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5025 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


initial

initial; admitted name
init; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5024

Identifier: initial   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: adposition placed in front of its complement which can be a noun phrase, prepositional phrase, adverb, etc.
Source: CGN

Example: in the church, een drankje VOOR BIJ de lunch (a drink meant for lunchtime), DOOR ZO te roepen (by shouting that way)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5024 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


fused

fused; admitted name
versm; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5026

Identifier: fused   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: initial

Definition: adposition fused with article
Source: CGN

Example: ten huize van (at the home of), ter plaatse (locally)
Source: CGN

Explanation: The Dutch fused preposition 'ten' is 'te' (at) plus 'den', an archaic form of the article 'de' (the), 'ter' is 'te' plus 'der'.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5026 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


type of article

type of article; admitted name
LWTYPE; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5020

Identifier: typeOfArticle   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: identification of articles according to their capability of referring to specific entities
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5020 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


definite

definite; admitted name
def; Source: CGN; data element name
bep; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5021

Identifier: definiteType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characteristic of type of article allowing a reference to a specific entity (or more of them)
Source: CGN

Example: the sea, the glass, the potatoes
Source: CGN

Explanation: def: article
Source: CGN

Note: .

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5021 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


indefinite

indefinite; admitted name
indef; Source: CGN; data element name
onbep; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5022

Identifier: indefiniteType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: characteristic of type of article not allowing a reference to a specific entity (or class of entities)
Source: CGN

Example: a village, a child, a legion
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5022 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


type of conjunction

type of conjunction; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5027

Identifier: CONJTYPE   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: further specification of conjunctions
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5027 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


coordinate

coordinate; admitted name
neven; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5028

Identifier: coordinate   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: conjunction linking words, split up tokens, or groups of words with the same word order
Source: CGN

Example: Jack and Jill, Jack or Jill, in- en uitvoer (import and export), Mia kocht een heleboel levensmiddelen en liet ze thuis bezorgen (Mia bought lots of food and had it delivered home), John bought two games and Jane never knew
Source: CGN

Explanation: In some languages subordinate clauses and main clauses are marked by different order of the verbs. In main clauses the finite verbs appears in the second position, while in a subordinate clause all verbs usually appear at the end of the sentence.
Source: CGN

Note: split up token, cf. http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5031

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5028 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


subordinate

subordinate; admitted name
onder; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5029

Identifier: subordinate   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: conjunction linking groups of words with different word order
Source: CGN

Example: Jan vertelde z'n buurman dat hij volgende maand ging verhuizen (Jan told his neighbour that he would move next month)
Source: CGN

Explanation: In some languages subordinate clauses and main clauses are marked by different order of the verbs. In main clauses the finite verbs appears in the second position, while in a subordinate clause all verbs usually appear at the end of the sentence.
Source: CGN

Note: split up token, cf. http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5031

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5029 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


type of noun

type of noun; admitted name
NTYPE; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4908

Identifier: typeOfNoun   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: attribute dealing with the type of noun, like common, proper, mass, ...
Source: CGN

Explanation: abstract category with possible values: 'common' and 'proper'
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4908 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


common

common; admitted name
type; admitted name
soort; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4910

Identifier: common   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property of a noun denoting a non-specific entity
Source: CGN

Example: bee, house, man, water
Source: CGN

Explanation: form-driven approach;
Source: CGN

Note: Note that only in combination http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4909 and http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4910 fully denote a 'common noun'

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4910 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


proper

proper; admitted name
eigen; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4911

Identifier: proper   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property of a noun denoting single entities
Source: CGN

Example: Amsterdam, Guinea-Bissau, John, Jean-Jacques. Not: Steve Jobs, New York
Source: CGN

Explanation: Steve Jobs' or 'New York' do not qualify because more than one token is involved
Source: CGN

Note: Note that only in combination http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4909 and http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4911 fully denote a 'proper noun'.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4911 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


type of pronoun

type of pronoun; admitted name
VWTYPE; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4982

Identifier: typeOfPronoun   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: subdivision of pronouns as of type personal, reflexive, interrogative, .... . Depending on the language or tag set involved, combinations may also be possible.
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4982 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


demonstrative

demonstrative; admitted name
aanw; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4992

Identifier: demonstrativeType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: pronoun used to point to an entity inside or outside the text..
Source: CGN

Example: THIS book, over THERE
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4992 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


exclamative

exclamative; admitted name
excl; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4991

Identifier: exclamativeType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of pronoun typically used in an intensifying way
Source: CGN

Example: WHAT a shame!
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4991 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


indefinite

indefinite; admitted name
onbep; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4993

Identifier: indefiniteType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: CGN

Example: SOME people, EVERYBODY
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4993 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


interrogative or relative

interrogative or relative; admitted name
vb; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4988

Identifier: interrogativeRelativeType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form of pronoun which as such can either be of type interrogative or of type relative, and would occur at the same position in a sentence
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4988 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


interrogative

interrogative; admitted name
vrag; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4989

Identifier: interrogativeType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: interrogative or relative

Definition: type of pronoun used to formulate a question, while its form differs from that of a relative pronoun
Source: CGN

Example: watte? (what?)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4989 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


relative

relative; admitted name
betr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4990

Identifier: relativeType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: interrogative or relative

Definition: type of pronoun introducing a relative clause, referring to an item introduced before
Source: CGN

Example: the man WHO was standing behind the door, the man behind the door WHO was laughing out loud
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4990 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


personal or reflexive

personal or reflexive; admitted name
pr; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4983

Identifier: personalReflexiveType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form of pronoun which as such can either be of type personal or of type reflexive, and would occur at the same position in a sentence
Source: CGN

Example: je wast JE (you had a wash), je verstapte JE (you stumbled), hij zag JE (he saw you) Not: JE wast je
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4983 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


personal

personal; admitted name
pers; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4984

Identifier: personalType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal or reflexive

Definition: type of substantively used pronoun referring to a specific item which does not need to be mentioned in the text itself.
Source: CGN

Example: [looking out of the window] �THEY will all get wet�. SHE bought that brand as IT was reduced. JE wast je (you had a wash)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4984 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


reflexive

reflexive; admitted name
refl; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4985

Identifier: reflexiveType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: personal or reflexive

Definition: type of pronoun referring to an item within the text, often in the same sentence. The same entity is referred to by the pronoun and the antecedent.
Source: CGN

Example: He/John talks to HIMSELF, The cat rubbed ITSELF against my leg.
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4985 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


possessive

possessive; admitted name
bez; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987

Identifier: possessiveType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of determiner expressing ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association, and which are not forms of other types of pronouns/determiners in genitive case
Source: CGN

Example: MY bike, HIS father , OUR ADDRESS Not: DIENS afwezigheid (his/her absence)
Source: CGN

Explanation: Dutch 'diens' is a form of a demonstrative determiner, genitive case.
Source: CGN

Note: determiner http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4980

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4987 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


reciprocal

reciprocal; admitted name
recip; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4986

Identifier: reciprocalType   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: type of pronoun referring to an item within the text, often in the same sentence. The entity referred to by the pronoun and the antecedent experience or endure each others action
Source: CGN

Example: they avoided ONE ANOTHER, John and Mary saw EACH OTHER regularly
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4986 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


type pronoun or type determiner

type pronoun or type determiner; admitted name
PDTYPE; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4977

Identifier: typePronounDeterminer   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: classification of the heterogeneous class of pronouns as either determiners or pronouns in the strict sense
Source: CGN

Explanation: The definition of 'pronoun' in http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951 reflects the broad reading, the one in http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978 the narrow reading. In the latter one, determiners are excluded
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4977 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


determiner

determiner; admitted name
det; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4980

Identifier: determiner   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: one of two types of pronoun (counterpart: pronoun (narrow sense)) characterized by different forms depending on position, declension and in some cases also for NumberN
Source: CGN

Example: ELK huis (every house), SOMMIGE mensen (some people)
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951, declension http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4944, pronoun (narrow sense) http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4980 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


gradable type

gradable type; admitted name
grad; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4981

Identifier: gradableDeterminer   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: determiner

Definition: subtype of determiner characterized by different forms depending on degree and diminutives
Source: CGN

Example: het MINSTE dat je kunt zeggen (the least you can say), wij met z'n BEIDJES (the two of us)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4981 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


pronoun

pronoun; admitted name
pron; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978

Identifier: pronoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: one of two types of pronoun (counterpart: determiner) characterized by different forms depending on status, person, number and in some cases also for gender
Source: CGN

Example: ik, ikke, ikzelf (various forms of 'ik' (I) )
Source: CGN

Note: pronoun, cf. http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4951; determiner: cf. http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4980

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4978 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


adverbial type

adverbial type; admitted name
adv-pron; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4979

Identifier: adverbialPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: type of pronoun referring to a location, if in a weakened sense, which in several languages also may occur as the pronominal part of a pronominal adverb
Source: CGN

Example: HIER mag je niet over lopen (you are not allowed to walk on this) HIER mag je niet over praten (you should not talk about this). Il y va (There he goes!)
Source: CGN

Explanation: The Dutch word 'hierover' is considered an adverb, consisting of a particular type of pronoun (hier) and a proposition (over).
Source: CGN

Note: pronominal adverb, cf. http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2998

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4979 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


verb agreement

verb agreement; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4973

Identifier: PVAGR   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: agreement as shown (stem + affix) in inflected forms of a finite verb
Source: CGN

Example: come, cames, went, is
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4973 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


plural

plural; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4975

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form of finite verb is that of the base form plus the plural affix -(e)n
Source: CGN

Example: spelEN (play), kokEN (boil), gaaN (go), haddEN (had), kochtEN (bought)
Source: CGN

Explanation: sometimes characters just before the affix are to be adapted for orthographic reasons
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4975 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


singular

singular; admitted name
sg; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4974

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form of finite verb is that of the base form: no affix
Source: CGN

Example: zwijg (be silent), come, go, have, had
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4974 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


with-t

with-t; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4976

Identifier: met-t   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: form of finite verb is that of the base form plus affix -t
Source: CGN

Example: komT (comes), gaaT (goes), weesT (be). Not: kochT (bought)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4976 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


verb tense

verb tense; admitted name
PVTIJD; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4964

Identifier: verbTense   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property referring to the way the grammar marks (via affixes and/or suppletion) the time at which the action denoted by the verb took place.
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4964 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


conjunctive

conjunctive; admitted name
conjunctive; Source: CGN; data element name
conj; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4967

Identifier: conjunctive   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: morphosyntactic form of a verb as used to express a desire
Source: CGN

Example: lang LEVE de koning (long live the king)
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4967 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


past

past; admitted name
verl; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4966

Identifier: past   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: finite form of a verb such as used to express an action or state of being in the past
Source: CGN

Example: she jumpED, he fell, he WOULD come and �, when he HAD told us. Not: it HAS been raining
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4966 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


present

present; admitted name
tgw; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4965

Identifier: present   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: finite form of a verb such as used to express an action or state of being in the present
Source: CGN

Example: she IS ill, he doeS not understand him, the cat jumpS over the fence, tomorrow he WILL buy that book, she HAS fallen
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4965 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


verbal form

verbal form; admitted name
WVORM; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4957

Identifier: verbForm   Type: complex/closed   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: any form of a verb: finite or non-finite, singular or plural
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4957 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch

Data type: string


finite

finite; admitted name
pv; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4958

Identifier: finiteForm   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb form showing agreement with subject in person
Source: CGN

Example: John COMES, he CAME, he HAS come
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4958 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


infinitive

infinitive; admitted name
inf; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4961

Identifier: infinitive   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: base form of a verb
Source: CGN

Example: have, come, be, will, go
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4961 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


inflected form

inflected form; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4960

Identifier: inflectedForm   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb form that can show inflection
Source: CGN

Explanation: the various types of participles and the infinitive can be inflected, for example in nominal or prenominal position
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4960 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


non-finite

non-finite; admitted name
non-finite; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4959

Identifier: nonFiniteForm   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb form not showing agreement with subject in person
Source: CGN

Example: John did COME
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4959 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


past participle

past participle; admitted name
vd; Source: CGN; data element name
voltdw; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4963

Identifier: pastParticiple   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: non-finite form of a verb expressing an event as completed
Source: CGN

Example: he has fallen, an informed decision
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4963 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


present participle

present participle; admitted name
od; Source: CGN; data element name
onvdw; Source: CGN; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4962

Identifier: presentParticiple   Type: simple   Origin: CGN   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: non-finite form of a verb expressing an event as ongoing
Source: CGN

Example: he walked away, laughing
Source: CGN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4962 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Dutch


Nametype
1NP agreementcomplex/closed
2NUMTYPEcomplex/closed
3Word formsimple
4abbreviationsimple
5adjectivesimple
6adpositionsimple
7adverbsimple
8adverbial typesimple
9agreementsimple
10agreement 3rd personsimple
11articlesimple
12basesimple
13broken offsimple
14cardinalsimple
15casecomplex/closed
16commentsimple
17commonsimple
18comparativesimple
19comparisonsimple
20conjunctionsimple
21conjunctivesimple
22coordinatesimple
23dativesimple
24declensioncomplex/closed
25declension-esimple
26declension-ssimple
27definitesimple
28degreecomplex/closed
29demonstrativesimple
30determinersimple
31dialectsimple
32diminutivesimple
33exclamativesimple
34femininesimple
35finalsimple
36finitesimple
37foreignsimple
38full realizationsimple
39fusedsimple
40gendercomplex/closed
41genitivesimple
42genitive or dativesimple
43gradable typesimple
44grammatical gendersimple
45incomprehensiblesimple
46indefinitesimple
47indefinitesimple
48infinitivesimple
49inflected formsimple
50initialsimple
51interjectionsimple
52interrogativesimple
53interrogative or relativesimple
54masculinesimple
55neutersimple
56noisesimple
57nominalsimple
58nominativesimple
59non-finitesimple
60non-neutersimple
61nounsimple
62numbersimple
63numbercomplex/closed
64number of nouncomplex/closed
65numeralsimple
66obliquesimple
67ordinalsimple
68part of proper nounsimple
69partOfSpeechcomplex/closed
70pastsimple
71past participlesimple
72personsimple
73personcomplex/closed
74person 1simple
75person 2simple
76person 2bsimple
77person 2vsimple
78person 3simple
79person 3msimple
80person 3osimple
81person 3psimple
82person 3vsimple
83personalsimple
84personal or reflexivesimple
85plain casesimple
86pluralsimple
87pluralsimple
88pluralsimple
89pluralsimple
90plural-nsimple
91positioncomplex/closed
92possessivesimple
93postnominalsimple
94predicative or adverbial positionsimple
95prenominalsimple
96presentsimple
97present participlesimple
98pronounsimple
99pronounsimple
100propersimple
101punctuationsimple
102reciprocalsimple
103reduced realizationsimple
104reflexivesimple
105relativesimple
106restsimple
107rest 3rd personsimple
108singularsimple
109singularsimple
110singular femininesimple
111singular masculine neutersimple
112singular neutersimple
113singular non-neutersimple
114special signcomplex/closed
115special signsimple
116status of realizationcomplex/closed
117stressedsimple
118subordinatesimple
119superlativesimple
120symbolsimple
121tokencomplex/open
122type of adpositioncomplex/closed
123type of articlecomplex/closed
124type of conjunctioncomplex/closed
125type of nouncomplex/closed
126type of pronouncomplex/closed
127type pronoun or type determinercomplex/closed
128unmarked pluralsimple
129use-mention distinctionsimple
130verbsimple
131verb agreementcomplex/closed
132verb tensecomplex/closed
133verbal formcomplex/closed
134with-tsimple
135without declensionsimple