MAF+


index

add affix

add affix; standardized name
add affix; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2201

Identifier: addAffix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds the specified affix.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2201 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


add before

add before; standardized name
add before; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1829

Identifier: addBefore   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Operation that adds a string to the left.
Source: MAF
Note: in German "lesen" => "gelesen"

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1829 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


attributive adjective

attributive adjective; admitted name
attributive adjective; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5242

Identifier: attributiveAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: undecided, Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective that comes before a noun and not after a copula verb, like BE, SEEM, etc.
Source: MAF

Example: The blue car is new. (Here "blue" is an attributive adjective, but "new" is a predicate adjective.)
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5242 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


auxiliary

auxiliary; standardized name
auxiliary; Source: MAF; data element name
auxiliary verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1244

Identifier: auxiliary   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs, subordinate to the main lexical verb which help to make distinction in mood, aspect, voice etc.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: Be
Source:

Note: The definition could be refined stylistically: Part of speech referring to the set of verbs used as subordinates to the main lexical verb which help to distinguish mood, aspect, voice etc. One could then cite the source as "Based on Crystal 2003".

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


cliticness

cliticness; standardized name
cliticness; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1903

Identifier: cliticness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Categorization of the different types of clitics.
Source: MultText-East
Note: For instance, for Slovene, cliticness has the following values no=ne yes=da bound=navezna

Example: What's going on? ('s is a clitic.) In French, Je t'aime. (t' is a clitic.)
Source:

Explanation: A clitic is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but shows evidence of being phonologically bound to another word. Clitics functions above the word level syntactically and on the word level phonologically, whereas affixes function at the word level both syntactically and phonologically.
Source: Based on http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACliticGrammar.htm

Note: MAF does not distinguish: proclitic, occurring at the beginning of a morpheme and enclitic, occurring at the end of a morpheme. Some languages also distinguish mesoclitics and endoclitics.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1903 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conjunction

conjunction; standardized name
conjunction; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1260

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that syntactically links words or constituents, and expresses a semantic relationship between them.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConjunction.htm
Note: A conjunction is positionally fixed relative to one or more of the elements related by it, thus distinguishing it from constituents such as English conjunctive adverbs.

Example: In English : Coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but Subordinating conjunctions : because , when, unless
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1260 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ditransitive

ditransitive; admitted name
ditransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
bitransitive; Source: MAF; data element name
ditransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name
bitransitive verb; Source: SEW, full form; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1275

Identifier: ditransitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Syntax

Definition: Ditransitivity (or Bitransitivity) is a term which describes a verb or clause which takes two objects.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsDitransitivity.htm
Note: MAF

Example: In the following sentence, "tell" is a ditransitive verb: - She told him a story.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=direct+object

Explanation: The definition is not in proper form: Property of a verb indicating that it takes two objects.
Source: SEW

Explanation: Transitive, intransitive, and di/bitransitive are listed as simple data categories, but without indicating a complex data category with which they are associated. This should probably be /transitivity/. Furthermore, there needs to be a reference to monotransitive, verbs that have only one object.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1275 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


exclamative pronoun

exclamative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1285

Identifier: exclamativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun marked with an emotional utterance and/or a strong intonation.
Source: Crystal 2003

Example: For instance, looking at a nice picture our comment could be either "beautiful!" (simple exclamation) or "how beautiful!" (using "how" as an exclamative pronoun).
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

Explanation: Interrogative pronouns can be used exclamatively (see example). Thus, exclamative pronouns are sometimes considered part of interrogatives.
Source: http://learnitalian.elanguageschool.net/interrogative-and-exclamative-pronouns

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


impersonal

impersonal; admitted name
impersonal; Source: MAF; data element name
impersonal verb; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1306

Identifier: impersonal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An impersonal verb is a verb that - occurs only in third person singular forms - has no specified agent , and - has a dummy subject or no subject.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAnImpersonalVerb.htm
Note: MAF

Example: It is raining. It is warm today.
Source: SEW

Note: The definitions are not in the proper form. Proposed definition: A verb occurirng in third person singular forms with no specified agent and with either no subject or a dummy subject. Source: Based on www.sil.org (see above)

Note: The following was provided as a definition, but the data model only allows one definition in a standardized specification. See above note for proposed edited definition, although perhaps the following one might provide additional input: Definition: (of a verb) having no logical subject. Usually in English the pronoun it is used in such cases as a grammatical subject, as for example in It is raining. (of a pronoun) not denoting a person www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=impersonal

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1306 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative point

interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5243

Identifier: interrogativePoint   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Sign used to express a question.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5243 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


inverted interrogative point

inverted interrogative point; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5244

Identifier: invertedInterrogativePoint   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Punctuation used in certain languages at the beginning of an interrogative sentence.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5244 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


paradigm type

paradigm type; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5245

Identifier: paradigmType   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Sub-type of a paradigm class in morphology
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5245 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


partitive article

partitive article; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1898

Identifier: partitiveArticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: article

Definition: Article expressing a part or quantity.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance "some".

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1898 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


partitive case

partitive case; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2003

Identifier: partitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case that expresses the partial nature of the referent of the noun it marks, as opposed to expressing the whole unit or class of which the referent is a part.
Source: DFKI

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2003 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


paucal

paucal; standardized name
paucal; Source: Morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1350

Identifier: paucal   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number that specifies 'a few' things.
Source: en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paucal_number
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1350 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


positive

positive; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1420

Identifier: positive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison relationship when no comparison is involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1420 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


postposition

postposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1360

Identifier: postposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition that appears at the end of the noun phrase.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Japanese: doko ni where at, doko e where to
Source:

Example: Korean: Hanguk e to Korea
Source:

Example: Hungarian: kutya nélkl dog without
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1360 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


prefix

prefix; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1365

Identifier: prefix   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Affix added before a word to change its meaning or part of speech.
Source: Sue Ellen Wright + Gil Francopoulo
Note: Usually, in English, adding a prefix does not change the part of speech, in contrast with adding a suffix.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1365 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


premodifier

premodifier; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1943

Identifier: preModifier   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Situation where the modifier is before the modified.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1943 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reflexive pronoun

reflexive pronoun; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5246

Identifier: reflexivePronoun   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: Pronoun that refers to the subject of the sentence.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5246 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic category

syntactic category; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5251

Identifier: syntacticCategory   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: A syntactic category is a set of words and/or phrases in a language which share a significant number of common characteristics. The classification is based on similar structure and sameness of distribution (the structural relationships between these elements and other items in a larger grammatical structure), and not on meaning.
Source: http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASyntacticCategory.htm
Note: In generative grammar, a syntactic category is symbolized by a node label in a constituent structure tree.

Example: "Le petit chat mange la souris dans la salle de bain" : "le petit chat", "mange la souris", "la souris", "dans la salle de bain", "la salle de bain" are syntactic constituents.
Source: Susanne Salmon-Alt

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5251 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


syntactic constituent

syntactic constituent; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5247

Identifier: syntacticConstituent   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: undecided

Definition: A constituent is one of two or more grammatical units that enter syntactically or morphologically into a construction at any level.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5247 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


unspecified

unspecified; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1908

Identifier: unspecified   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of specification.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1908 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


Nametype
1add affixcomplex/open
2add beforecomplex/open
3attributive adjectivesimple
4auxiliarysimple
5cliticnesscomplex/closed
6conjunctionsimple
7ditransitivesimple
8exclamative pronounsimple
9impersonalsimple
10interrogative pointsimple
11inverted interrogative pointsimple
12nosimple
13paradigm typecomplex/open
14partitive articlesimple
15partitive casesimple
16paucalsimple
17positivesimple
18postpositionsimple
19prefixcomplex/open
20premodifiersimple
21reflexive pronouncomplex/open
22syntactic categorycomplex/open
23syntactic constituentcomplex/open
24unspecifiedsimple