STO-LMF-morphosyntax


index

adjectival function

adjectival function; admitted name
adjectival function; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5289

Identifier: adjectivalFunction   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A feature that indicates the syntactic function typical of an adjective phrase. The function may influence the adjective declension in some languages (e.g. Danish)
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Attributive function: Det grønne hus (the green house) Predicative function: Huset er grønt (the house is green)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5289 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


attributive function

attributive function; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5287

Identifier: attributiveFunction   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An attributive adjective modifies a noun, usually by being placed next to it (NP internal).
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Det grønne hus (the green house)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5287 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


predicative function

predicative function; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5288

Identifier: predicativeFunction   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: An adjective in predicative function is connected to the subject of a clause by means of ‘is’ or another copulative verb.
Source: STO

Example: In Danish: Huset er grønt (the house is green)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


case

case; standardized name
case; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1840

Identifier: case   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: In a given sentence, the way in which the form of a word changes in order to express a relationship with one or several words of the sentence, whereby the morphological modification may apply to nouns, pronouns, and noun phrase constituents, such as adjectives or numerals.
Source: MAF
Note: English marks case only on pronouns: nominative (e.g. I), objective (e.g. me) and genitive (e.g. my) and on nouns: (e.g. boy's and boys'). Latin marks six cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative and ablative.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1840 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


genitive case

genitive case; standardized name
possessive case; admitted name
genitive case; Source: MAF; data element name
possessive case; Source: SEW (used in English); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1293

Identifier: genitiveCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to express a possessive relationship (e.g. the boy's book) or some other similarly close connection (e.g. a summer's day).
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is a great deal of variation between languages in the way this case is used.

Example: The boy's book, but the back of the house. In English, inanimate objects are less frequently used with the possessive form.
Source: SEW

Note: Hardly any English nouns decline, but the genitive case is indicated by the endings 's (belonging to one) and s' (belonging to more than one) in such phrases as the dog's bone, the cats' litter box.

Note: The original example is not good at all: The brick of the wall. English would say: the brick in the wall; the brick used in the wall.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1293 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


nominative case

nominative case; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1331

Identifier: nominativeCase   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Case used to indicate the subject of a verb.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: Nouns used in isolation have this case.

Example: I did it
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr Tlfi, MORPHEME, A,1

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1331 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


decomposition

decomposition; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5281

Identifier: decomposition   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The decomposition feature is used for noun + noun compounds. It contains the segmentation of a compound noun into its two immediate noun components and the joining element in between them (if there is one), ‘+’ is used as joint marker.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvarsbevidsthed Decomposition: ansvar+s+bevidsthed (lit: responsibilitysense, ‘sense of responsibility’).
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5281 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


definiteness

definiteness; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1926

Identifier: definiteness   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property about the possiblity to identify an entity.
Source: MAF
Note: Definiteness in English is generally conveyed through the use of definite determiners, such as "this" or "the". fullArticle and shortArticle are for Bulgarian.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1926 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


definite

definite; standardized name
status emphaticus; admitted name
status determinatus; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2004

Identifier: definite   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value referring to the capacity of identification of an entity.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2004 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite

indefinite; standardized name
status absolutus; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2005

Identifier: indefinite   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value related to an entity in a situation where the identification of this entity is not clear cut.
Source:
Note: indefinite is the contrary of definite

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2005 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


degree

degree; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1419

Identifier: degree   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property concerning comparison.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1419 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English

Data type: string


comparative

comparative; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1421

Identifier: comparative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Comparative is the comparison where only two entites are involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "better" is comparative, "best" is superlative and "good" is positive.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1421 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


positive

positive; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1420

Identifier: positive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison relationship when no comparison is involved.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


superlative

superlative; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1422

Identifier: superlative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value used in a comparison between more than two entities.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, "good" is positive, "better" is comparative and "best" is superlative.

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Language sections: English, French


frequency

frequency; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5615

Identifier: Frequency   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Number of occurrences
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5615 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


grammatical gender

grammatical gender; standardized name
grammatical gender; Source: ISO 1262:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1297

Identifier: grammaticalGender   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Morphosyntax; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Category based on (depending on languages) the natural distinction between sex and formal criteria.
Source: GP

Note: the common value is used for the word combines feminine and masculine [Alternate info from GP, but it needs cleaning up and we need to harmonize a good definition]

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1297 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French, German, Italian

Data type: string


common gender

common gender; standardized name
common gender; Source: Morphosyntax set; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1558

Identifier: commonGender   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax set; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: gender used to describe morphological forms that could be either masculine or feminine
Source: agreement on the morphosyntax list with members of TDG-2 + TDG-9 in April 2013
Note: Not all languages have this tradition of having a common value for epicenes. It seems to be the case in Danish and Italian. It is not the case for French.

Example: Although English does not require gender markers, some English nouns are viewed as possessing common gender in the semantic sense. Examples include nouns like spouse, parent, chairperson, etc.
Source: Terminology TDG

Note: The Terminology TDG is not happy with the existing definition and would propose: In some languages, the gender of those nouns belonging to the single gender derived from the earlier masculine and feminine genders and separate from the neuter gender, as in Hittite or modern Danish. Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/common+gender

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1558 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


neuter

neuter; standardized name
neuter; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1884

Identifier: neuter   Type: simple   Origin: 248; ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to objects that are not characterized as male or female.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

Example: de: das Brot, das Mädchen
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text)

Explanation: Although the noun Mädchen, a girl, ostensibly relates to a feminine entity, it is neuter based on the form of the word, since the diminutive ending "chen" reverts to neuter gender regardless of the concept to which the word refers.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1884 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


grammatical number

grammatical number; standardized name
grammatical number; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1298

Identifier: grammaticalNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Grammatical category for the variation in form of nouns, pronouns, and any words agreeing with them, depending on how many persons or things are referred to.
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=number 12
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1298 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


id

id; standardized name
identifier; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1845

Identifier: id   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Identification of an element
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1845 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


independent word

independent word; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5285

Identifier: independentWord   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The feature independent word states whether the word needs to be in a fixed collocation or can function independently
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5285 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


inflectional paradigm

inflectional paradigm; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5283

Identifier: inflectionalParadigm   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Inflectional pattern
Source: STO

Example: inflectionalParadigm: MFG0076 (+n,+r,+rne)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5283 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


joining element

joining element; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5279

Identifier: joiningElement   Type: complex/open   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: The joining element (mostly -s or –e) follows the noun and is joined by another noun component to form a compound noun.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvar (‘responsibility’) Fugeelement: s Resultat: ansvars Compound noun: ansvarsfordeling
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5279 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


joining element result

joining element result; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5280

Identifier: joiningElementResult   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Noun after adding the joining element (mostly -s or –e). The joining elemet follows the noun and is joined by another noun component to form a compound noun.
Source: STO

Example: Spelling: ansvar (‘responsibility’) JoiningElement: s J oiningElementResultat: ansvars Compound noun: ansvarsfordeling
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5280 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


morphological unit id

morphological unit id; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5282

Identifier: morphologicalUnitId   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A unique identifier for the Morphological Unit A morphological unit can have more than one spelling variant or inflectional variant, thus it can be linked to more than one single lexical entry
Source: STO

Example: MU_ID: skade_1;
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5282 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


officially approved

officially approved; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5284

Identifier: officiallyApproved   Type: complex/closed   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Officially approved e.g. by the Danish Language Council
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5284 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


original source

original source; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2534

Identifier: originalSource   Type: complex/open   Origin: IMDI: session.resources.source.X   Profile: Metadata

Definition: Indicates the original resources that were at the base of the creation/derivation process.
Source: CLARIN

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2534 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish

Data type: string


owner number

owner number; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1417

Identifier: ownerNumber   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication concerning the number of the person that owns something.
Source: GF
Note: Useful for instance in French for pronouns, or in Hungarian for nouns.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1417 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


plural

plural; standardized name
plural; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1354

Identifier: plural   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses more than one element.
Source: GP
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1354 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


singular

singular; standardized name
singular; Source: ISO 12620:1999; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1387

Identifier: singular   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620:1999?   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Value that expresses one element.
Source: GP

Example: eat
Source: zeus.inalf.fr SINGULIER

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1387 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


part of speech

part of speech; standardized name
part of speech; Source: GP, ISO 12620; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1345

Identifier: partOfSpeech   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Common in lexicograpy, terminology, other domains; Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Term used to describe how a particular word is used in a sentence.
Source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110720045333/http://people.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1345 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French

Data type: string


adjective

adjective; standardized name
adjective; Source: ISO 12620; morphosyntax; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230

Identifier: adjective   Type: simple   Origin: ISO 12620, morphosyntax group   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Part of speech related to attributes of a noun.
Source: GF, morphosyntax
Note: We speak of an adjective when one can ask the question: how is something?

Example: A big horse
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1230 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


ordinal adjective

ordinal adjective; standardized name
ordinal numeral; standardized name
ordinal numeral; Source: Prague Dependency Treebank (http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/pdt/Corpora/PDT_1.0/References/mman.html#pos-tags); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1338

Identifier: ordinalAdjective   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adjective

Definition: Adjective/numeral/number expressing a numeric ranking.
Source: GF

Example: en: "first", "second", "third", "fourth"
Source: DZ

Example: cs: "první" ("first"), "druhý" ("second"), "třetí" ("third"), "čtvrtý" ("fourth")
Source: DZ

Note: In some theories (e.g. standard Czech grammar) this is considered a subclass of numerals, not adjectives, although it follows adjectival inflection patterns (even in Czech) and behaves syntactically like adjectives.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1338 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


common noun

common noun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1256

Identifier: commonNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that signifies a non-specific member of a group.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsACommonNoun.htm

Example: Planet, orange, and drum
Source: http://www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=common+noun

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1256 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


conjunction

conjunction; standardized name
conjunction; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1260

Identifier: conjunction   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word that syntactically links words or constituents, and expresses a semantic relationship between them.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAConjunction.htm
Note: A conjunction is positionally fixed relative to one or more of the elements related by it, thus distinguishing it from constituents such as English conjunctive adverbs.

Example: In English : Coordinating conjunctions : and, or, but Subordinating conjunctions : because , when, unless
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1260 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


demonstrative pronoun

demonstrative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1270

Identifier: demonstrativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun used to point to an entity in the situation or elsewhere in a sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1270 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


deponent verb

deponent verb; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5278

Identifier: deponentVerb   Type: simple   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: A verb with a passive morphology but functioning as an active verb.
Source: STO

Example: lykkes ‘succeed’.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5278 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


existential pronoun

existential pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3012

Identifier: existentialPronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: pronoun that indicates the existence of something or someone
Source: gf

Example: "there" in the sentence "there is a dog"
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3012 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


general adverb

general adverb; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1435

Identifier: generalAdverb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adverb

Definition: Adverb belonging to the general class of adverbs
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1435 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indefinite pronoun

indefinite pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1309

Identifier: indefinitePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that does not allow reference.
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Anybody, somebody
Source: www.atilf.fr IMPERSONNEL Gramm.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1309 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive particle

infinitive particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1896

Identifier: infinitiveParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle used to express infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, this particle is "to" like in "to go".

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1896 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interjection

interjection; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1318

Identifier: interjection   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Word or sound that expresses an emotion.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: An interjection usually lacks grammatical connection.

Example: D'hoo !!!
Source: zeus.inalf.fr INTENSIF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1318 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


interrogative relative pronoun

interrogative relative pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3016

Identifier: interrogativeRelativePronoun   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: relative pronoun

Definition: pronoun which may act as a relative pronoun or an interrogative one
Source: STTS

Example: "warum" in German
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


main verb

main verb; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1400

Identifier: mainVerb   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: verb

Definition: Main verb in contrast to a modal or an auxiliary.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1400 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


numeral

numeral; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1334

Identifier: numeral   Type: simple   Origin: Prague Dependency Treebank, among others; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Part of speech that expresses a number or the relation to a number.
Source: GF
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1334 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, Czech, French


personal pronoun

personal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1463

Identifier: personalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun referring a person.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1463 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


possessive pronoun

possessive pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1359

Identifier: possessivePronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun that expresses ownership and relationships like ownership, such as kinship, and other forms of association.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessivePronoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Mine
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAPossessiveNoun.htm

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1359 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


preposition

preposition; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1366

Identifier: preposition   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: adposition

Definition: Adposition placed at the beginning of a noun phrase.
Source: MAF
Note: Usually, a preposition indicates position, direction, time or an abstract relation.

Example: into the woods
Source: www.atilf.fr AFFIXE

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1366 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


proper noun

proper noun; standardized name
proper noun; Source: GF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1371

Identifier: properNoun   Type: simple   Origin: Morphosyntax; Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: noun

Definition: Noun that is the name of a specific individual, place, or object.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
Note: MAF

Example: New York City
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1371 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


reciprocal pronoun

reciprocal pronoun; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1924

Identifier: reciprocalPronoun   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: pronoun

Definition: Pronoun expressing mutual relationship.
Source: Gil Francopoulo
Note: In English, for instance, the multiword expression "each other".

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1924 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unclassified particle

unclassified particle; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1897

Identifier: unclassifiedParticle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Is a: particle

Definition: Particle that is not covered by other sorts of particle definitions.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1897 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


person

person; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1328

Identifier: person   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Indication of grammatical person (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) associated with a given inflected form.
Source: ISO12620
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1328 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


first person

first person; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1288

Identifier: firstPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: First person deixis is deictic reference that refers to the speaker, or both the speaker and referents grouped with the speaker
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsFirstPersonDeixis.htm

Example: The following singular pronouns: - I - me - myself - my - mine The following plural pronouns: - we - us - ourselves - our - ours Am, the first person form of the verb be
Source: www.wordreference.com/English/definition.asp?en=finite ->4

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1288 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


second person

second person; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1384

Identifier: secondPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Second person deixis is deictic reference to a person or persons identified as addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsSecondPersonDeixis.htm

Example: Here are some examples of second person deixis: - you - yourself - yourselves - your - yours
Source: zeus.inalf.fr RACINE

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1384 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


third person

third person; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1402

Identifier: thirdPerson   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Third person deixis is deictic reference to a referent(s) not identified as the speaker or addressee.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsThirdPersonDeixis.htm
Note: MAF

Example: Here are some examples of items that express third person deixis: - he - she - they the third person singular verb suffix -s He sometimes flies.
Source: www.cusd.claremont.edu/~tkroll/inflection.html#ter

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Language sections: English, French


reflexivity

reflexivity; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5286

Identifier: reflexivity   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A feature that indicates if a pronoun is reflexive or non-reflexive
Source: STO

Example: Examples in Danish: reflexivity= yes: sig (himself, herself, itself, themselves), sin(its, his, her, their) reflexivity=no: ham(him), hende(her), dem(them)
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


no

no; standardized name
no; Source: MAF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905

Identifier: no   Type: simple   Origin: MAF   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Value for negation.
Source: MAF

Note: It would be desirable to make this parallel to "yes": Negative value. The two should be parallel because they are frequently used together as members of the same value domain.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1905 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


unspecified

unspecified; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1908

Identifier: unspecified   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the absence of specification.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1908 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


yes

yes; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904

Identifier: yes   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Syntax

Definition: Positive value
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1904 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


register

register; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1988

Identifier: register   Type: complex/closed   Origin: 423   Profiles: Morphosyntax, Terminology

Definition: Classification indicating the relative level of language individually assigned to a lexeme or term or to a text type.
Source: ISO12620

Explanation: In some regions and terminology management environments (for instance, family-planning medicine), the categorization of terms according to register can be critical.
Source: Mitre; TEI(green text); 1951

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1988 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


formal register

formal register; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1992

Identifier: formalRegister   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Formal register.
Source: 12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1992 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


spelling variant

spelling variant; admitted name
spelling variant; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5612

Identifier: spellingVariant   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: A different spelling of a word
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5612 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


tense

tense; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1286

Identifier: grammaticalTense   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Property referring to the way the grammar marks the time at which the action denoted by the verb took place.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: There is no easily stateable relationship between tense and time. Tense forms can be used to signal meanings other than temporal ones. For instance, in English, the past tense "knew" in "I wish I knew" means a tentative meaning not past time.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1286 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


past

past; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1347

Identifier: past   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Past tense is an absolute tense that refers to a time before the moment of utterance.
Source: www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsPastTense.htm
Note: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1347 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


present

present; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1367

Identifier: present   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Verb tense that indicates action or state of being in the present.
Source: www.southwestern.edu/~carlg/Latin_Web/glossary.html
Note: MAF

Example: He praises
Source: ELM-FR:EAGLES Specifications for French

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1367 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


transcategorization

transcategorization; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5272

Identifier: transcategorization   Type: complex/closed   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: This feature relates the word forms which are derived directly from the adjective and function as adverbs or directly from the verb and function as adjectives (viz. present and past participle forms)
Source: STO

Example: En lovligt varslet konflikt ’lawfully, duly, legally’ (Lit: A legally notified conflict) En lovlig stor opgave ’rather (too), a bit (too)’ (Lit: A rather big task)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5272 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


transadjectival

transadjectival; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5276

Identifier: transadjectival   Type: simple   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: This feature relates the word forms which are derived directly from the verb and function as adjectives (viz. present and past participle forms).
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5276 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transadverbial

transadverbial; admitted name
transadverbial; Source: STO; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5275

Identifier: transadverbial   Type: simple   Origin:    Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: This feature relates the word forms which are derived directly from the adjective and function as adverbs to the inflectional paradigm.
Source: STO

Example: En lovligt varslet konflikt ’lawfully, duly, legally’ (Lit: A legally notified conflict)
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5275 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


transnominal

transnominal; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5277

Identifier: transnominal   Type: simple   Origin: STO   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: This feature relates the word forms which are derived directly from the verb and function as nouns (viz. the gerund form).
Source: STO

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-5277 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


verb form mood

verb form mood; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1427

Identifier: verbFormMood   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profiles: Morphosyntax, undecided

Definition: One of a set of distinctive forms that are used to signal modality. Modality is a facet of illocutionary point or general intent of a speaker, or a speaker's degree of commitment to the expressed proposition's believability, obligatoriness, desirability or reality.
Source: ISO12620

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1427 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Linguistic sections: English, French

Data type: string


gerundive

gerundive; standardized name
gerund; admitted name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2243

Identifier: gerundive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: property for a non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive.
Source: MAF
Note: for instance, "smoking" in "smoking is forbidden"

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-2243 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


imperative

imperative; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1844

Identifier: imperative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood used to express an order.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1844 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


indicative

indicative; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1885

Identifier: indicative   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood value used in the expression of statements and questions.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Indicative is usually seen in contrast to imperative or subjunctive moods.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1885 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


infinitive

infinitive; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1312

Identifier: infinitive   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Mood cited as unmarked or base form.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, then infinitive form may be used alone or in conjunction with the particle "to".

Example: To praise
Source:

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Language sections: English, French


participle

participle; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1341

Identifier: participle   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Non-finite form of a verb other than the infinitive that is used in many languages possibly in conjunction with an auxiliary and that functions attributively, predicatively or adverbially.
Source: Franca Wesseling and Karlheinz Moerth
Note: See "non-finite" entry in this registry

Example: Ex#1 She is writing a piece (writing is a present participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#2 She has written a piece (written is a past participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#3 The piece was written (written is a passive participle)
Source: Franca Wesseling

Example: Ex#4 He read a written text (written is used as an adjective)
Source: Gil Francopoulo

Example: Ex#5 Laut singend gingen sie in Richtung Haustür (word to word translated as "aloud singing went they in direction door.of.the.house") and correctly translated as "Singing aloud, they moved towards the door." (singend functions as an adverb)
Source: Christian Chiarcos

Explanation: Term referring to a word derived from a verb and used as an adjective.
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1341 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


voice

voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1413

Identifier: voice   Type: complex/closed   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Way sentences may alter the relationship between the subject and object of a verb, without changing the meaning of the sentence.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1413 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


active voice

active voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1227

Identifier: activeVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Value that expresses the situation where the grammatical subject is also the semantic actor of the verb.
Source: MAF
Note: In English, the active voice is for instance "the cat bit the dog" and contrasts with the passive voice like in "The dog was bitten by the cat".

Example: She threw the ball, They ate my lunch
Source: zeus.inalf.fr ACTIF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1227 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


passive voice

passive voice; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1346

Identifier: passiveVoice   Type: simple   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Term referring to a situation where the grammatical subject is typically the recipient or goal of the action denoted by the verb.
Source: Crystal 2003
Note: Passive contrasts with active voice and for some languages like Greek with middle voice.

Example: My lunch was eaten by them
Source: www.atilf.inalf.fr-> Tlfi, 2.PASSIF C.1,a

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1346 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French


written form

written form; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1836

Identifier: writtenForm   Type: complex/open   Origin: Member of MAF DCS   Profile: Morphosyntax

Definition: Representation of the written string of a form
Source: MAF

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1836 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1active voicesimple
2adjectival functioncomplex/closed
3adjectivesimple
4attributive functionsimple
5casecomplex/closed
6common gendersimple
7common nounsimple
8comparativesimple
9conjunctionsimple
10decompositioncomplex/open
11definitesimple
12definitenesscomplex/closed
13degreecomplex/closed
14demonstrative pronounsimple
15deponent verbsimple
16existential pronounsimple
17first personsimple
18formal registersimple
19frequencycomplex/open
20general adverbsimple
21genitive casesimple
22gerundivesimple
23grammatical gendercomplex/closed
24grammatical numbercomplex/closed
25idcomplex/open
26imperativesimple
27indefinitesimple
28indefinite pronounsimple
29independent wordcomplex/closed
30indicativesimple
31infinitivesimple
32infinitive particlesimple
33inflectional paradigmcomplex/open
34interjectionsimple
35interrogative relative pronounsimple
36joining elementcomplex/open
37joining element resultcomplex/open
38main verbsimple
39morphological unit idcomplex/open
40neutersimple
41nosimple
42nominative casesimple
43numeralsimple
44officially approvedcomplex/closed
45ordinal adjectivesimple
46original sourcecomplex/open
47owner numbercomplex/closed
48part of speechcomplex/closed
49participlesimple
50passive voicesimple
51pastsimple
52personcomplex/closed
53personal pronounsimple
54pluralsimple
55positivesimple
56possessive pronounsimple
57predicative functionsimple
58prepositionsimple
59presentsimple
60proper nounsimple
61reciprocal pronounsimple
62reflexivitycomplex/closed
63registercomplex/closed
64second personsimple
65singularsimple
66spelling variantcomplex/open
67superlativesimple
68tensecomplex/closed
69third personsimple
70transadjectivalsimple
71transadverbialsimple
72transcategorizationcomplex/closed
73transnominalsimple
74unclassified particlesimple
75unspecifiedsimple
76verb form moodcomplex/closed
77voicecomplex/closed
78written formcomplex/open
79yessimple