profile: Language Resource Ontology


index

encyclopedic infomation (English)

encyclopedic infomation (English); admitted name
encyclopedic infomation (English); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
ee; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3697

Identifier: encyclopedic_info_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Resource Ontology, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Semantics

Definition: This field crosses over with the de, ue, and oe fields, but is intended for more verbose explanations of the headword (for each sense). The researcher should use this field to encode any additional information needed by a non-native speaker to understand and use this lexeme properly. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3697 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


encyclopedic infomation (national)

encyclopedic infomation (national); admitted name
encyclopedic infomation (national); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
en; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3699

Identifier: encyclopedic_info_national   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Resource Ontology, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Semantics

Definition: The national language equivalent to the ee field. It should cover any information that provides a more complete knowledge-base on the lexeme. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3699 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


encyclopedic infomation (regional)

encyclopedic infomation (regional); admitted name
encyclopedic infomation (regional); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
er; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3700

Identifier: encyclopedic_info_regional   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Resource Ontology, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Semantics

Definition: The regional language equivalent to the ee field. It should cover any information that provides a more complete knowledge-base on the lexeme. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3700 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


encyclopedic information

encyclopedic information; admitted name
encyclopedic information; Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3828

Identifier: Encyclopedic_Information   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Semantic Content Representation, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Lexical Resources

Definition: This field crosses over with the de, ue, and oe fields, but is intended for more verbose explanations of the headword (for each sense). The researcher should use this field to encode any additional information needed by a non-native speaker to understand and use this lexeme properly. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: This field crosses over with the de, ue, and oe fields, but is intended for more verbose explanations of the headword (for each sense). Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3828 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


encyclopedic information (vernacular)

encyclopedic information (vernacular); admitted name
encyclopedic information (vernacular); Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
ev; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3705

Identifier: encyclopedic_info_vernacular   Type: complex/open   Origin: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Language Codes, Language Resource Ontology, Lexical Semantics

Definition: This field contains the vernacular description of any pertinent encyclopedic information related to the lexeme or headword, subentry, or sense. This is intended for use in a monolingual dictionary, but can be used in diglot and triglot dictionaries as well. Use capitalization and punctuation as needed.
Source: Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3705 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


index of semantics (English)

index of semantics (English); admitted name
index of semantics (English); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
is; Source: MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3715

Identifier: index_of_semantics_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Lexical Semantics, Semantic Content Representation, Language Resource Ontology, Multilingual Information Management

Definition: Used to catalog lexical entries according to an etic (published) list of possible semantic domains. Sorting on this field would then gather semantically related entries. Use a Range Set.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3715 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


key

key; preferred name
key; Source: CMDI; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4174

Identifier: key   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Morphosyntax, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography

Definition: Indication of the unique data category name in data represented in key-value-pairs.
Source: NaLiDa

Note: Should only be used in a pair with an accompanying value. If possible, keys should be replaced by an appropriate data category with the value being the value of the data category.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4174 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, German

Data type: string


language service / product

language service / product; preferred name
language service / product; Source: ASTM F43; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3984

Identifier: languageServiceProductType   Type: complex/closed   Origin: ASTM F43   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Translation, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Terminology, Lexical Resources, Sign Language

Definition: An act or a variety of work performed using linguistic resources or the products of such work.
Source: SEW; lame draft

Example: technical writing, translation, language training, language or translation assessment
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3984 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


knowledge representation resource

knowledge representation resource; preferred name
KRR; admitted name
knowledge representation resource; Source: SEW; data element name
KRR; Source: SEW; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4096

Identifier: knowledgeRepresentationResource   Type: simple   Origin: SEW   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Terminology, Language Resource Ontology

Definition: Any logical system for ordering, classifying, or categorizing concepts and the relations among them.
Source: SEW

Example: Terminological concept systems, taxonomies, ontologies, thersauri, and controlled vocabularies are kinds of knowledge organization systems.
Source: SEW

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4096 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ontology

ontology; preferred name
ontology; Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science); data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4042

Identifier: ontology   Type: simple   Origin: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science)   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Semantic Content Representation, Language Resource Ontology, Terminology

Is a: knowledge representation resource

Definition: In computer science and information science, a formal representation of knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts that can be used to reason about the entities within that domain, and may be used to describe the domain.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science)

Explanation: Ontologies are the structural frameworks for organizing information and are used in artificial intelligence, the Semantic Web, systems engineering, software engineering, biomedical informatics, library science, enterprise bookmarking, and information architecture as a form of knowledge representation about the world or some part of it.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science)

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4042 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


taxonomy

taxonomy; preferred name
taxonomy; Source: ANSI Z39-19-2005; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4039

Identifier: taxonomy   Type: simple   Origin: ANSI Z39-19-2005   Profiles: undecided, Metadata, Language Resource Ontology

Is a: controlled vocabulary

Definition: A collection of controlled vocabulary terms organized into a hierarchical structure.
Source: ANSI Z39-19-2005

Explanation: Each term in a taxonomy is in one or more parent/child (broader/narrower) relationships to other terms in the taxonomy.
Source: ANSI Z39-19-2005

Note: Although taxonomies can be considered to be a kind of language resource, they fall under the jurisdiction of ANSI Z39, which is the US TAG for ISO TC 46, which deals with library and information science.

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-4039 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


lexical function label (English)

lexical function label (English); admitted name
lexical function label (English); Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html; data element name
lf; Source(s): MDF set, MDF; data element name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3718

Identifier: lexical_function_label_English   Type: complex/open   Origin: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html   Profiles: undecided, Lexicography, Lexical Semantics, Language Resource Ontology, Language Codes, Multilingual Information Management

Definition: Used to encode the semantic networks of a language. For consistency, a Range Set should be maintained on the lexical function labels used. When formatted by MDF, these labels can be modified (and even translated) by MDF's Audience CC tables.
Source: Coward, David F. & Grimes, Charles E. (2000). Making Dictionaries: A guide to lexicography and the Multi-Dictionary Formatter. Waxhaw, North Carolina: SIL International (1st ed. 1995). URL: http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_2000.pdf http://www.sil.org/computing/shoebox/MDF_Updates.html

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-3718 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Data type: string


value

value; standardized name

PID: http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1978

Identifier: value   Type: complex/open   Origin:    Profiles: Morphosyntax, Metadata, Semantic Content Representation, Syntax, Language Resource Ontology, Lexicography, Language Codes, Terminology, Multilingual Information Management, Lexical Resources, Lexical Semantics, Translation, Sign Language

Definition: Generic name for a value.
Source:

License: This work by http://www.isocat.org/datcat/DC-1978 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Language sections: English, French

Data type: string


Nametype
1encyclopedic infomation (English)complex/open
2encyclopedic infomation (national)complex/open
3encyclopedic infomation (regional)complex/open
4encyclopedic informationcomplex/open
5encyclopedic information (vernacular)complex/open
6index of semantics (English)complex/open
7keycomplex/open
8knowledge representation resourcesimple
9language service / productcomplex/closed
10lexical function label (English)complex/open
11ontologysimple
12taxonomysimple
13valuecomplex/open